Lauren W. Averill

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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of fat-suppressed contrast-enhanced MRI, compared with unenhanced MRI alone, increases reader confidence in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis and its complications in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS MRI studies of 78 skeletally immature children and adolescents (median age, 3.6 years) with(More)
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory bone disease of unknown etiology. It affects children and adolescents predominantly and occurs mostly in the female population. It is characterized by the insidious onset of pain and swelling, with a fluctuating clinical course of relapses and remissions. Typically, several bones are(More)
Fetal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a powerful tool in the diagnosis of symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection, requiring a detailed search for specific features. A combination of anterior temporal lobe abnormalities, white matter lesions, and polymicrogyria is especially predictive. Fetal MRI may provide a unique opportunity to detect(More)
Patients with severe tracheal obstruction in Morquio A syndrome are at risk of dying of sleep apnea and related complications. Tracheal obstruction also leads to life-threatening complications during anesthesia as a result of the difficulty in managing the upper airway due to factors inherent to the Morquio A syndrome, compounded by the difficulty in(More)
Progressive tracheal obstruction is commonly seen in Morquio A syndrome and can lead to life-threatening complications. Although tracheostomy can address severe upper airway obstruction, lower airway obstruction, commonly associated with a narrow thoracic inlet and vascular compression, requires an alternative approach. We describe the case of a 16-year-old(More)
Achondroplasia is the most common form of skeletal dysplasia. Although the radiographic features are well described, MRI features of the knee in achondroplasia have not been reported. To describe common MRI characteristics of the knee joint in symptomatic children and adolescents with achondroplasia. We retrospectively evaluated 10 knee MRI examinations in(More)
Together, leukemia and lymphoma account for half of all childhood malignancies. Leukemia and lymphoma arise from similar cell lines and can have overlapping imaging features; however, the clinical presentation, imaging strategies, and treatment protocols can vary substantially based on the specific subtype. Although imaging does not play a central role in(More)
With the implementation of prenatal screening with ultrasound (US) and, more recently, fetal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, patterns of referral have changed. US remains the first-line imaging modality for evaluating the genitourinary system during the neonatal period and may be enhanced with the use of focused, high-resolution linear images of the(More)