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Analysis of fatty acid methyl esters prepared from whole-cell bacteria by sodium hydroxide hydrolysis and boron trichloride-catalyzed methylation showed degradation of hydroxy acid peaks after several injections on a fused silica capillary column. A simple base wash of the extracts before injection prevented the tailing of the hydroxy acid peaks even after(More)
Glutathione (GSH) has a central role in the maintenance of the thiol-disulfide redox state in mammalian cells. GSH synthesis can be physiologically limited by the availability of cysteine (Cys), and Cys and its precursors are variable in the human diet. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of severe Cys deficiency and readdition of Cys on(More)
To determine the effect of varying levels of dietary protein with a constant intake of vitamin B-6 (B-6) on B-6 status, nine women were fed diets providing daily intakes of 1.25 mg B-6 and 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 g protein/kg body weight. After an 8-d adjustment period, the women consumed each level of dietary protein for 14 d in a Latin-square design. Several(More)
Changes in vitamin B-6 status indicators were evaluated in vitamin B-6-replete subjects. Ten young women consumed diets providing 85 g protein/d and 1.03, 1.33, 1.73, and 2.39 mg vitamin B-6/d for 12 or 15 d during four successive diet periods; in a second study, six women were fed diets providing 85 g protein/d and 0.84, 1.14, and 2.34 mg vitamin B-6/d for(More)
The metabolism of small doses of pyridoxine (PN) and of equimolar doses of PN, pyridoxal (PL) and pyridoxamine (PM) was studied in five men. Fasting subjects were given 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 10 mg pyridoxine HCl and 19.45 mumoles of PN, PM and PL; one dose was administered a week. Plasma total vitamin B-6 (B-6) and pyridoxal phosphate (PLP), and urinary B-6(More)
Eight men, aged 21-31 yr, were fed semipurified diets containing 0.5 (low), 1.0 (medium) and 2.0 (high) g protein/kg body weight; vitamin B-6 intake was kept constant at 1.6 mg/d. Each level of protein was fed for 15 d. Urinary vitamin B-6 (UB-6), urinary 4-pyridoxic acid (4-PA), plasma total vitamin B-6 (PB-6) and plasma pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) were(More)
Relative bioavailability of vitamin B-6 from tuna, whole wheat bread and peanut butter was investigated in eight men. The study was divided into a 10-day adjustment and three, 14-day experimental periods in a 3 X 3 Latin square design. Vitamin B-6 intake was set at 1.6 mg/day, with 50% of the intake coming from one of the three experimental foods and 50%(More)