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We recorded the activity of 75 proximal-arm-related cells in caudal primary motor cortex (MI) while a monkey generated either isometric forces or limb movements against an inertial load. The forces and movements were in eight directions in a horizontal plane. The isometric force generated at the hand increased monotonically in the direction of the target(More)
We recorded the activity of 132 proximal-arm-related neurons in caudal primary motor cortex (M1) of two monkeys while they generated either isometric forces against a rigid handle or arm movements with a heavy movable handle, in the same eight directions in a horizontal plane. The isometric forces increased in monotonic fashion in the direction of the force(More)
We examined the activity of 46 proximal-arm-related cells in the primary motor cortex (MI) during a task in which a monkey uses the arm to exert isometric forces at the hand in constant spatial directions while the hand is in one of nine different spatial locations on a plane. The discharge rate of all 46 cells was significantly affected by both hand(More)
Single-unit recordings in macaque monkeys have identified effector-specific regions in posterior parietal cortex (PPC), but functional neuroimaging in the human has yielded controversial results. Here we used on-line repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to determine saccade and reach specificity in human PPC. A short train of three TMS pulses(More)
Recent studies provide further support for the hypothesis that spatial representations of limb position, target locations, and potential motor actions are expressed in the neuronal activity in parietal cortex. In contrast, precentral cortical activity more strongly expresses processes involved in the selection and execution of motor actions. As a general(More)
We report here the activity of 96 cells in primate primary motor cortex (MI) during exertion of isometric forces at the hand in constant spatial directions, while the hand was at five to nine different spatial locations on a plane. The discharge of nearly all cells varied significantly with both hand location and the direction of isometric force before and(More)
Optic ataxia (OA) is one of the symptoms pertaining to Bálint's Syndrome. It has been described clinically for nearly 80 years before it became a cornerstone of the most popular dual stream theory of the visual brain. Over the last 10 years a regain of interest for this neurological condition lead to a number of precise analyses of the deficits found in(More)
Making an arbitrary motor response to a sensory signal would appear to require at least two sequential steps--planning the appropriate response and generating a motor command to implement it. However, neuronal correlates of these two putative steps do not occur in strict serial order, nor are they subserved by separate cortical regions. Instead, they are(More)
The saccade generator updates memorized target representations for saccades during eye and head movements. Here, we tested if proprioceptive feedback from the arm can also update handheld object locations for saccades, and what intrinsic coordinate system(s) is used in this transformation. We measured radial saccades beginning from a central light-emitting(More)