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PURPOSE Inferential evidence indicates that macular pigments (lutein and zeaxanthin) protect photoreceptors and/or retard age-related macular degeneration. These experiments tested the hypothesis that retinal zeaxanthin prevents light-induced photoreceptor cell death. METHODS Retinal damage was assessed in quail fed a carotenoid-deficient (C-) diet for 6(More)
PURPOSE The xanthophyll carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin) are hypothesized to delay progression of age-related macular degeneration. The quail has a cone-dominant retina that accumulates carotenoids. The purpose of these experiments was to characterize the carotenoid composition of retina, serum, liver, and fat in quail and to determine whether dietary(More)
PURPOSE The zeta isozyme of protein kinase C (PKC) is essential for activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)kappaB and transcription of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This study examined the antiangiogenic potential of an existing drug, pentoxifylline (PTX), which inhibits PKC-dependent activation of NFkappaB and is reported to(More)
PURPOSE There is evidence that microglial activation occurs with normal aging in some regions of the brain of rodents. We investigated the pattern of microglia in the retinas of young and aged quail and pigeons to determine if age-related retinal changes evoked migration of microglia into the outer retina. In quail we also investigated the correlation(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite a lack of evidence, there is an assumption that patients with more complex psychiatric histories (CPH) prior to bariatric surgery have poor post-surgical weight loss and worsening psychiatric symptoms following surgery. Consequently, those with CPH are excluded from bariatric surgery in many bariatric clinics. This study examines whether(More)
BACKGROUND Several factors may mitigate the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over sham rTMS in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). These factors include unilateral stimulation (i.e., treatment of only the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex [DLPFC]), suboptimal methods of targeting the DLPFC and insufficient(More)
A 67-year-old Caucasian male presented in January, 2013, with difficulty in breathing and pyrexia. This was following a course of antibiotics for a previous chest infection that had begun at the beginning of January and had not responded to therapy. His past medical history included chronic myeloid leukaemia, basal cell carcinoma of the throat treated in(More)
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