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OBJECTIVE To investigate menstrual symptoms in relation to pelvic pathology. DESIGN A prospective questionnaire-based study. SETTING Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Scotland. SUBJECTS 1250 questionnaires were sent out prior to planned admission and 1200 women (96%) brought the completed questionnaires. They comprised 598 women undergoing laparoscopic(More)
PURPOSE Inferential evidence indicates that macular pigments (lutein and zeaxanthin) protect photoreceptors and/or retard age-related macular degeneration. These experiments tested the hypothesis that retinal zeaxanthin prevents light-induced photoreceptor cell death. METHODS Retinal damage was assessed in quail fed a carotenoid-deficient (C-) diet for 6(More)
The purpose of these studies was to evaluate the effects of light damage on Japanese quail whose retinal carotenoids had been experimentally manipulated through altered diets. The birds were raised 6 months on a commercial turkey diet (T), on a custom carotenoid-deficient diet (C-) containing 90% less carotenoid than the T diet, or on Z+ diet [the C- diet(More)
PURPOSE The xanthophyll carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin) are hypothesized to delay progression of age-related macular degeneration. The quail has a cone-dominant retina that accumulates carotenoids. The purpose of these experiments was to characterize the carotenoid composition of retina, serum, liver, and fat in quail and to determine whether dietary(More)
PURPOSE The zeta isozyme of protein kinase C (PKC) is essential for activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)kappaB and transcription of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This study examined the antiangiogenic potential of an existing drug, pentoxifylline (PTX), which inhibits PKC-dependent activation of NFkappaB and is reported to(More)
PURPOSE There is evidence that microglial activation occurs with normal aging in some regions of the brain of rodents. We investigated the pattern of microglia in the retinas of young and aged quail and pigeons to determine if age-related retinal changes evoked migration of microglia into the outer retina. In quail we also investigated the correlation(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite a lack of evidence, there is an assumption that patients with more complex psychiatric histories (CPH) prior to bariatric surgery have poor post-surgical weight loss and worsening psychiatric symptoms following surgery. Consequently, those with CPH are excluded from bariatric surgery in many bariatric clinics. This study examines whether(More)