Lauren P. Virtuoso

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Sustained delivery of IL-12 and GM-CSF to tumors induces the activation of tumor-resident CD8(+) T effector/memory cells (Tem) followed by cytotoxic CD8(+) T effector cell expansion. To determine whether the secondary effectors expanded from tumor-associated Tem or were primed de novo, activation kinetics of tumor-draining lymph node (TDLN) CD8(+) T cells(More)
Sustained intratumoral delivery of IL-12 and GM-CSF can overcome tumor immune suppression and promote T cell-dependent eradication of established disease in murine tumor models. However, the antitumor effector response is transient and rapidly followed by a T suppressor cell rebound. The mechanisms that control the switch from an effector to a regulatory(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) can promote tumor regression via activation of multiple lymphocytic and myelocytic effectors. Whereas the cytotoxic mechanisms employed by T/NK/NKT cells in IL-12-mediated tumor kill are well defined, the antitumor role of macrophage-produced cytotoxic metabolites has been more controversial. To this end, we investigated the specific(More)
Tumor-resident CD8(+) T cells display a quiescent effector/memory phenotype that is maintained in part by infiltrating CD4(+) CD25(+) Foxp3(+) T-suppressor cells. Intratumoral delivery of IL-12, in contrast, can restore cytotoxic function to tumor-associated CD8(+) T cells and induce the apoptotic death of T-suppressor cells. Depletion of CD8(+) T cells(More)
Senescent cells (SCs) have been considered a source of age-related chronic sterile systemic inflammation and a target for anti-aging therapies. To understand mechanisms controlling the amount of SCs, we analyzed the phenomenon of rapid clearance of human senescent fibroblasts implanted into SCID mice, which can be overcome when SCs were embedded into(More)
Myeloid-derived Suppressor Cells (MDSC) have been identified as tumor-induced immature myeloid cells (IMC) with potent immune suppressive activity in cancer. Whereas strict phenotypic classification of MDSC has been challenging due to the highly heterogeneous nature of cell surface marker expression, use of functional markers such as Arginase and inducible(More)
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are pro-drugs requiring an acidic pH for activation. The specificity of PPI toward the proton pump is mainly due to the extremely low pH at the parietal cell canalicular membrane where the pump is located. Reactivity of PPIs was also observed in moderately acidic environments like the renal collecting duct. But no PPI effect on(More)
Immune dysregulation drives the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory, autoimmune, and dysplastic disorders. While often intended to address localized pathology, most immune modulatory therapies are administered systemically and carry inherent risk of multiorgan toxicities. Here, we demonstrate, in a murine model of spontaneous gastrointestinal polyposis,(More)
Studying the phenomenon of cellular senescence has been hindered by the lack of senescence-specific markers. As such, detection of proteins informally associated with senescence accompanies the use of senescence-associated β-galactosidase as a collection of semiselective markers to monitor the presence of senescent cells. To identify novel biomarkers of(More)
IL-12 promotes a rapid reversal of immune suppression in the tumor microenvironment. However, the adjuvant activity of IL-12 is short-lived due to regulatory T cell (Treg) reinfiltration. Quantitative analysis of Treg kinetics in IL-12-treated tumors and tumor-draining lymph nodes revealed a transient loss followed by a rapid 4-fold expansion of tumor Treg(More)