Lauren O'Neill

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The failing heart is characterized by impaired cardiac muscle function and increased interstitial fibrosis. Our purpose was to determine whether the functional impairment of the failing heart is associated with changes in levels of mRNA encoding proteins that modulate parameters of contraction and relaxation and whether the increased fibrosis observed in(More)
Myocyte cell loss is a prominent and important pathogenic feature of cardiac ischemia. We have used cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes exposed to prolonged hypoxia as an experimental system to identify critical factors involved in cardiomyocyte death. Exposure of myocytes to hypoxia for 48 h resulted in intranucleosomal cleavage of genomic DNA(More)
The 70-kD S6 kinase (p70S6K) has been implicated in the regulation of protein synthesis in many cell types and in the angiotensin II-stimulated hypertrophy of cardiac myocytes. Our purpose was to determine whether p70S6K plays a role in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by the alpha 1-adrenergic receptor (alpha 1-AR) agonist phenylephrine (PE). PE(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to determine (1) whether neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts (CAFB) express P2Y receptors; (2) whether CAFB respond to extracellular ATP by inducing expression of c-fos mRNA; and (3) whether extracellular ATP modulates norepinephrine (NE)-stimulated cell growth in CAFB. METHODS Expression of P2Y1 and P2Y2 receptors and(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), a cardiac-specific hormone, is stored in the atria and released in response to atrial stretch. During cardiac hypertrophy, ANP gene expression is markedly upregulated in the left ventricle (LV). Because the hearts of normotensive senescent rats exhibit left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dilatation,(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) exhibits a transition from stable compensated left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy to heart failure (HF) at a mean age of 21 months that is characterized by a decrease in alpha-myosin heavy chain (alpha-MHC) gene expression and increases in the expression of the atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), pro-alpha1(III) collagen,(More)
In rodents of an advanced age the cardiac contraction exhibits a reduced shortening velocity and prolonged time course. This is, in part, due to a reduction in myosin ATPase activity which results from a shift in the myosin heavy chains from the alpha (V1) to the beta (V3) isoform. The present study demonstrates that during adult aging the steady state(More)
We have previously shown that extracellular ATP, like norepinephrine (NE) and many other hypertrophy-inducing agents, increases expression of the immediate-early genes c-fos and junB in cultured neonatal cardiac myocytes but that the intracellular signaling pathways activated by ATP and responsible for these changes differ from those stimulated by NE.(More)
Activation of the vacuolar proton ATPase (VPATPase) has been implicated in the prevention of apoptosis in neutrophils and adult cardiac myocytes. To determine the role of the VPATPase in apoptosis of cardiac myocytes, we used a potent and specific inhibitor of the VPATPase, bafilomycin A1. Bafilomycin A1 alone caused increased DNA laddering of genomic DNA(More)