Lauren N. Ward

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AIM Predictive equations for estimating body composition from bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) among Scandinavian children are lacking. In the present study, equations for estimation of fat-free body mass (FFM) and lean tissue mass (LTM) were developed and cross-validated from BIA using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as the reference(More)
Macrophages adopt an alternatively activated phenotype (AAMs) when activated by the interleukin-4receptor(R)α. AAMs can be derived either from proliferation of tissue resident macrophages or recruited inflammatory monocytes, but it is not known whether these different sources generate AAMs that are phenotypically and functionally distinct. By(More)
CONTEXT: Chitosan, a deacetylated chitin, is a widely available dietary supplement purported to decrease body weight and serum lipids through gastrointestinal fat binding. Although evaluated in a number of trials, its efficacy remains in dispute.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of chitosan for weight loss in overweight and obese adults.DESIGN AND(More)
AIM We studied the accuracy of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) to assess changes in body composition during moderate weight loss in obese subjects. METHODS Estimates of changes in fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) by BIA were compared with those by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as the reference method during a 10-week standardized(More)
Alternatively activated macrophages (AAM) that accumulate during chronic T helper 2 inflammatory conditions may arise through proliferation of resident macrophages or recruitment of monocyte-derived cells. Liver granulomas that form around eggs of the helminth parasite Schistosoma mansoni require AAM to limit tissue damage. Here, we characterized monocyte(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE The study aimed to examine the changes in water distribution in the soft tissue during systemic steroid activity. RESEARCH DESIGN A three-way cross-over, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was used, including 4 weeks of fluticasone propionate pMDI 200 microg b.i.d. delivered via Babyhaler, budesonide pressurized metered(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of the HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome is based on clinical assessment, in lack of a consensus about case definition and reference methods. Three bedside methods were compared in their diagnostic value for lipodystrophy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Consecutive HIV-infected outpatients (n=278) were investigated, 128 of which also had(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the relation between platelet counts, intensities of physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) services received, and frequencies of bleeding complications in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) during a period of severe thrombocytopenia. DESIGN Retrospective review study. SETTING Tertiary care(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Shifts from intracellular to extracellular water are features of a catabolic reaction to sepsis. Bedside assessment of fluid shifts was carried out in neutropenic patients at high risk of systemic infection. METHODS Multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis was performed in 41 patients with leukemia or high-malignant lymphoma and(More)
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