Lauren Kark

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Maintaining the patency of vascular access is essential for performing efficient hemodialysis. Appropriate cannulation technique is critical in maintaining the integrity of vascular access. This study focused on analyzing the hemodynamic effect of needle rotation, which is performed to alleviate the pressure if the needle becomes attached to the blood(More)
BACKGROUND Patient satisfaction is an important measurement in healthcare for administrators, clinicians and patients. OBJECTIVES This study investigated the role of gait deviation in patient satisfaction following lower-limb amputation and prosthesis prescription. STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional study was done. METHODS Twenty community-based(More)
The prediction of conditions that may result in thrombus formation is a useful application of computational fluid dynamics. A number of techniques exist, based on the consideration of wall shear stress and regions of low blood flow; however, no clear guideline exists for the best practice of their use. In this paper, the sensitivity of each parameter and(More)
Gait summary measures have been developed as a convenient method to communicate overall gait pathology. These measures are primarily used in the context of paediatric cerebral palsy and their use remains largely untested in other disability groups. This study assessed the suitability of gait summary measures for use with lower limb amputees. Modified (m)(More)
The objective of this study was to determine, and compare, the utility of the 6-min walk test (6 MWT) and self-selected walking speed over 15 m as proxies for the assessment of energy expenditure during gait in individuals with lower-limb amputation. Patients with unilateral, transfemoral amputation (n=6) and patients with unilateral, transtibial amputation(More)
We used body-worn inertial sensors to quantify differences in semi-free-living gait between stairs and on normal flat ground in older adults, and investigated the utility of assessing gait on these terrains for predicting the occurrence of multiple falls. 82 community-dwelling older adults wore two inertial sensors, on the lower back and the right ankle,(More)
Lower-limb amputees commonly utilize non-articulating energy storage and return (ESAR) prostheses for high impact activities such as sprinting. Despite these prostheses lacking an articulating ankle joint, amputee gait analysis conventionally features a two-link segment model of the prosthetic foot. This paper investigated the effects of the selected link(More)
OBJECTIVES In vitro comparison of the mechanical properties of braided polyurethane elastomer (Lycra®) and braided polyester (Ethibond™) (1) when inserted into the muscular process of the arytenoid cartilage and (2) as suture loops. STUDY DESIGN Experimental. ANIMALS Equine cadaver larynges (n = 15). METHODS The muscular processes (n = 30) of the(More)
Lower-limb amputee athletes use Carbon fiber Energy Storage and Return (ESAR) prostheses during high impact activities such as running. The advantage provided to amputee athletes due to the energy-storing properties of ESAR prostheses is as yet uncertain. Conventional energy analysis methods for prostheses rely upon multibody models with articulating(More)
It is well known that a tangential force larger than the maximum static friction force is required to initiate the sliding motion between two objects, which is governed by a material constant called the coefficient of static friction. Therefore, knowing the coefficient of static friction is of great importance for robot grippers which wish to maintain a(More)