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A spontaneous rupture of a tendon may be defined as a rupture that occurs during movement and activity, that should not and usually does not damage the involved musculotendinous units (1). Spontaneous tendon ruptures were uncommon before the 1950s. Böhler found only 25 Achilles tendon ruptures in Wien between 1925 and 1948 (2). Mösender & Klatnek treated 20(More)
Since a tendon is a living tissue, it is not a surprise that tendon shows the capacity to adapt its structure and mechanical properties to the functional demands of the entire muscle-tendon unit. However, compared with muscle, the experimental knowledge of the effects of strength or endurance-type training on tendon tissue is scarce and clinical human(More)
Disuse is associated with bone loss, which may not be recoverable. It is not known whether intensified remobilization is beneficial in restoring disuse-related bone loss nor if any such benefit would depend upon continuing mobilization for its maintenance. After an immobilization period of 3 weeks, the effects of free remobilization (11 weeks), and low-and(More)
We evaluated specimens obtained from the biopsy of spontaneously ruptured tendons in 891 patients who were treated between 1968 and 1989. The specimens, which were removed at the time of repair, included 397 Achilles tendons, 302 biceps brachii tendons, forty extensor pollicis longus tendons, eighty-two quadriceps tendons and patellar ligaments, and seventy(More)
Tendon injuries and other tendon disorders represent a common diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in sports medicine, resulting in chronic and long-lasting problems. Tissue degeneration is a common finding in many sports-related tendon complaints. In the great majority of spontaneous tendon ruptures, chronic degenerative changes are seen at the rupture(More)
The authors examined 34 tendons under the electron microscope, excised within 48 h after rupture of the tendons. The tendons did not exhibit any signs of inflammation or lipomatosis, but fine-structurally marked hypoxic alterations in the tenocytes could be seen. The degenerative (hypoxic tendinopathy appears in three phases, and the hypoxic lesions of the(More)
The present authors analyzed the pathological alterations of 1966 tendons examined in the National Institute of Traumatology, Budapest, during the past 18 years. The majority of cases proved to be tendinopathies (hypoxic-degenerative tendinopathy or calcific tendinitis, tendolipomatosis and mucoid degeneration) leading to tendon rupture. The incidence of(More)
The knee joints of 36 rats were immobilised in a padded plaster cast (18 in the flexed and 18 in the extended position) for 1, 2 and 3 weeks. The femoral articular cartilage was then examined under the scanning electron microscope. After 1 week's immobilisation in the flexed position, the surface layer of the cartilage showed disruption and the superficial(More)
The aim of this investigation was to examine the effect of short-term immobilization on subchondral cortical and trabecular bone tissue in the rat tibia and to determine whether there was any difference when the knee was immobilized in extension or flexion. Thirty-six male rats were used in this study, and in 18 the knee was fixed in extension and in 18 in(More)
The Achilles tendon is the strongest tendon in the human body. Because most Achilles tendon injuries take place in sports and there has been an common upsurge in sporting activities, the number and incidence of the Achilles tendon overuse injuries and complete ruptures have increased in the industrialized countries during the last decades. The most common(More)