Lauren Hamilton

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1. Exposure of tissues to endotoxin (LPS) and/or cytokines leads to the induction of both inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2). It has previously been reported that there is 'cross-talk' between these two systems. However, such previous studies have been limited by the availability of highly selective inhibitors. Here we have(More)
Striatal neurons in symptomatic Huntington's disease (HD) transgenic mice are resistant to a variety of toxic insults, including quinolinic acid (QA), kainic acid and 3-nitropropionic acid. The basis for this resistance is currently unknown. To investigate the possibility that the immediate-early gene (IEG) response is defective in symptomatic HD mice(More)
1. The immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory drug leflunomide has several sites of action, although its precise mode of action is unknown. 2. Here we show in vitro and in vivo that leflunomide and/or its active metabolite A771726, inhibit the activity of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) at doses below those that affect protein expression. 3. In J774.2 macrophages(More)
Prostanoids produced via the action of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) appear central to many inflammatory conditions. Here we show in LPS-treated rats, however, that COX-2 induction alone does not greatly increase prostanoid production in vivo. For this, a second, arachidonic acid liberating stimulus is also required. Thus, only after intravenous injection of(More)
1. Endotoxaemia is associated with the expression of the inducible isoform of cyclo-oxygenase, cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2), and an overproduction of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites. The role of the AA metabolites generated by COX-2 in the circulatory failure and multiple organ dysfunction caused by endotoxin is unclear. Dexamethasone prevents the expression(More)
Two consecutive, randomised, cross-over trials compared intubation success rates in third-year paramedic students and experienced prehospital practitioners using the Airtraq or a Macintosh laryngoscope with flexible stylet in a manikin model of a Cormack and Lehane grade III/IV laryngoscopic view. First-time intubation rates for the Macintosh and Airtraq(More)
A series of 2-methoxyacylhydrazones were optimized to yield compounds with high affinity for PDE10A. Several compounds demonstrated efficacy in animal models of schizophrenia, including conditioned avoidance response and a pro-psychotic phencyclidine hyperactivity model.
Huntington's disease (HD) is caused by the inheritance of the huntingtin gene with an expanded CAG repeat. The function of the normal or mutant form of the huntingtin protein remains to be determined. We used differential display to determine differences in steady-state mRNA levels between wild-type and the R6/2 transgenic mouse model of HD. Using this(More)
Voting technology today has not addressed the issues that disabled voters are confronted with at the polls. Because approximately 17% of the voting population is disabled, their issues should be handled with a solution geared towards their needs. Disabled voters need to be able to cast their vote without the assistance of others. The Prime III multimodal(More)
In a randomised crossover study, 60 ambulance paramedics attempted tracheal intubation of a manikin model of a Cormack and Lehane grade 3/4 view using a Portex stylet, Portex and Frova single-use bougies, and a Portex reusable bougie. Tracheal intubation within 30 s was achieved by 34/60 (57%) using the stylet, 18/60 (30%) using a Portex single-use bougie,(More)