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Social media features a wide range of nonstandard spellings, many of which appear inspired by phonological variation. However, the nature of the connection between variation across the spoken and written modalities remains poorly understood. Are phono-logical variables transferred to writing on the level of graphemes, or is the larger system of contextual(More)
California's San Francisco Bay Area has long been one of the most ethnically diverse areas of the United States, and ethnicity is an integral aspect of any research on language use in the region. This article gives a brief social history of San Francisco with respect to settlement patterns since the 1850s' gold rush, paying particular attention to Chinese(More)
This study examines the stylistic constraints on the pronunciation of the FACE and GOAT lexical sets as spoken by Slovak and Czech female immigrants who permanently reside in Edinburgh, Scotland. We undertake an acoustic analysis of monosyllablic words taken from a structured interview, a reading passage, and a wordlist to compare these speakers to fluent(More)
San Francisco English has been previously identified as distinct from Californian English, based on its maintenance of a low back vowel distinction [13]. Subsequent work has shown participation in the low back merger and other Californian sound changes [15]. We present an analysis of the front and central vowels involved in the California Vowel Shift: KIT,(More)
This study investigates the effects of different elicitation methods on the speech of a single speaker of San Francisco English who is participating in a systematic set of vocalic sound changes known as the California Vowel Shift [6]. We contrast data obtained from classic sociolinguistic interview methods with data from self-recordings, as well as data(More)
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