Lauren Burgess

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The rapid activation of stress-responsive neuroendocrine systems is a basic reaction of animals to perturbations in their environment. One well-established response is that of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In rats, corticosterone is the major adrenal steroid secreted and is released in direct response to adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) secreted(More)
Activated microglia surrounding amyloid beta-containing senile plaques synthesize interleukin-1, an inflammatory cytokine that has been postulated to contribute to Alzheimer's disease pathology. Studies have demonstrated that amyloid beta treatment causes increased cytokine release in microglia and related cell cultures. The present work evaluates the(More)
The affinities of 13 atypical and 12 typical antipsychotic drugs for the cloned rat D4 dopamine receptor and the D4/D2 ratios were examined. Of the atypical antipsychotic drugs tested, only clozapine, risperidone, olanzapine, zotepine and tiospirone had affinities less than 20 nM. In fact, many atypical antipsychotic drugs had relatively low affinities for(More)
The effect of estrogen (E) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis was investigated in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were bilaterally ovariectomized (OVX), and a Silastic capsule (0.5 cm) containing 17 beta-estradiol was sc implanted. Control animals received a blank capsule. Animals were killed 21 days later. In E-treated rats, we found(More)
We previously reported transiently elevated ER protein levels in the postnatal rat hippocampus suggesting that this brain region may be sensitive to estrogenic trophic and organizational influences during a 'critical period' of sexual differentiation. In order to examine whether alterations in ER gene expression underlie the ontogenetic pattern of the(More)
We utilized the approach of stably expressing different dopamine (DA) receptors into identified cell lines in an attempt to better understand the coupling of these receptors to membrane ion channels via second messenger systems. Recently, we examined the N18TG2 x mesencephalon (MES-23.5) cell line that is phenotypically similar to mesencephalic(More)
The human glycine transporter type 2 (hGlyT2) was cloned from a spinal cord cDNA library using PCR-based methodologies. The isolated sequence exhibits 89% homology with the previously isolated rat GlyT2 cDNA (Liu et al., J. Biol. Chem. 268 (1993) 22802-22808) at the nucleotide level, and 93% amino acid sequence identity. The greatest divergence between the(More)
The influence of estrogen (E) on corticosterone (CORT) receptor function in neural tissue was investigated in female Sprague-Dawley rats. This was accomplished by using a sensitive solution-hybridization RNase protection assay to examine the effect of E on the regulation of CORT receptor mRNAs. Animals were bilaterally ovariectomized (OVX), and a Silastic(More)
To determine possible cellular mechanisms governing androgen action in the brain, we examined the hormonal regulation of androgen receptor (AR) mRNA in neural tissues by Northern blot hybridization and RNase protection analysis. While a single hybridizable species of AR mRNA of approximately 11 kb was found in the anterior pituitary gland (AP) and ventral(More)
To understand some of the mechanisms underlying the neuroendocrine and neurochemical changes associated with aging, we administered the serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] releaser and reuptake inhibitor d-fenfluramine (d-FEN; 0.0, 0.2, or 0.6 mg/kg/day, p.o) for 30-38 days to young (4 months) and old (22 months) F344 male rats. Rats were stressed by(More)