Lauren Bates

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Ageing is characterized by declines on a variety of cognitive measures. These declines are often attributed to a general, unitary underlying cause, such as a reduction in executive function owing to atrophy of the prefrontal cortex. However, age-related changes are likely multifactorial, and the relationship between neural changes and cognitive measures is(More)
While research suggests that educational television shows can contribute positively to a range of developmental outcomes for preschoolers, few preschool curricula make use of digital content to teach science. This study explored the impact of a curriculum that integrated hands-on activities with digital content from two public television shows aimed at(More)
Much is known about how age affects the brain during tightly controlled, though largely contrived, experiments, but do these effects extrapolate to everyday life? Naturalistic stimuli, such as movies, closely mimic the real world and provide a window onto the brain's ability to respond in a timely and measured fashion to complex, everyday events. Young(More)
Memory problems are among the most common complaints as people grow older. Using structural equation modeling of commensurate scores of anterograde memory from a large (N = 315), population-derived sample (, we provide evidence for three memory factors that are supported by distinct brain regions and show differential sensitivity to age.(More)
Memory is modified through the act of retrieval. Although retrieving a target piece of information may strengthen the retrieved information itself, it may also serve to weaken retention of related information. This phenomenon, termed retrieval-induced forgetting, has garnered substantial interest for its implications as to why forgetting occurs. The present(More)
Basal plasma prolactin concentration is controlled by tonic inhibition. The major prolactin-inhibiting factor (PIF) is believed to be dopamine. Factors other than dopamine have also been suggested as possible physiological PIF. One of the major candidates for the nondopaminergic PIF is considered to be gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). We have carefully(More)
Temporal alterations in plasma prolactin levels caused by the administration of 2-hydroxyestradiol and 2-hydroxyestrone (100 microgram/kg) into the right atrium of freely-moving conscious male rats were examined. The catechol estrogens were given in a single bolus via an indwelling cannula and plasma prolactin concentration was monitored by taking blood(More)
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