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To understand how activity in mammalian neural circuits controls behavior, the mouse is a promising model system due to the convergence of genetic, optical, and physiological methods. The ability to control and quantify behavior precisely is also essential for these studies. We developed an operant visual detection paradigm to make visual psychophysical(More)
analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) makes it easier to evaluate how the balance between the sympathetic and parasympathetic influences on heart rhythm varies with time. The auto-regressive model can be used to calculate the Power Spectrum Density of HRV and to create an auto-regressive spectrogram. This work presents these techniques and describes a(More)
Fifty-four extracted human mandibular molars were embedded and sectioned at two levels. The reassembled mesial root canals were prepared with stainless-steel hand K-files (Flexofiles) and either Nitiflex or Mity nickel-titanium hand K-files using a push-pull anticurvature filing technique. Each of the three experimental groups contained 36 mesial canals(More)
Stereoselectively synthesized enantiomers of ethyl cis-5-iodotrans-2-methylcyclohexane-1-carboxylate (ceralure B1), a potent lure for male Mediterranean fruit flies, were tested in the laboratory and the field against laboratory reared sterile flies. The (-)-ceralure B1 enantiomer was significantly more attractive than the (+)-ceralure B1 antipode.(More)
We propose a new cross-species disruption approach that might be capable of interrupting mating of one species that uses another insect species as the mercenary agent. We argue that insects treated with a sufficiently powerful attractant for a second species might interfere with mating of one or both species, for example, by leading males astray in pursuit(More)
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