Laurel Hoffman

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Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) interprets information conveyed by the amplitude and frequency of calcium transients by a controlled transition from an autoinhibited basal intermediate to an autonomously active phosphorylated intermediate (De Koninck and Schulman, 1998). We used spin labelling and electron paramagnetic resonance(More)
Calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) has been implicated in a wide variety of cellular processes, which include a critical regulatory role in actin cytoskeletal assembly. CaMKII is ubiquitous in cells, expressed as one of four isoforms termed α, β, γ, and δ. Characterization of the CaMKII-actin interaction has mainly focused on the β(More)
Neurogranin (Ng) is a member of the IQ motif class of calmodulin (CaM)-binding proteins, and interactions with CaM are its only known biological function. In this report we demonstrate that the binding affinity of Ng for CaM is weakened by Ca(2+) but to a lesser extent (2-3-fold) than that previously suggested from qualitative observations. We also show(More)
Calmodulin (CaM) is a primary calcium (Ca(2+) )-signaling protein that specifically recognizes and activates highly diverse target proteins. We explored the molecular basis of target recognition of CaM with peptides representing the CaM-binding domains from two Ca(2+) -CaM-dependent kinases, CaMKI and CaMKII, by employing experimentally constrained(More)
Ras-GRF1 (GRF1) and Ras-GRF2 (GRF2) constitute a family of similar calcium sensors that regulate synaptic plasticity. They are both guanine exchange factors that contain a very similar set of functional domains, including N-terminal pleckstrin homology, coiled-coil, and calmodulin-binding IQ domains and C-terminal Dbl homology Rac-activating domains,(More)
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