Laurel H. Carney

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There is growing evidence that the dynamics of biological systems that appear to be exponential over short time courses are in some cases better described over the long-term by power-law dynamics. A model of rate adaptation at the synapse between inner hair cells and auditory-nerve (AN) fibers that includes both exponential and power-law dynamics is(More)
1. Encoding temporal features of the acoustic waveform is an important attribute of the auditory system. Auditory nerve (AN) fibers synchronize or phase-lock to low-frequency tones and transmit this temporal information to cells in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN). Phase-locking in the AVCN is usually reported to be similar to or weaker than in the(More)
A computational model was developed for the responses of low-frequency auditory-nerve (AN) fibers in cat. The goal was to produce realistic temporal response properties and average discharge rates in response to simple and complex stimuli. Temporal and average-rate properties of AN responses change as a function of sound-pressure level due to nonlinearities(More)
We made intraaxonal recordings from 30 individual globular bushy cell axons in the trapezoid body of the cat using HRP-filled glass microelectrodes. With subsequent HRP injection, we determined their axonal projection patterns. For cells with characteristic frequencies (CFs) above 3 kHz, short-tone peristimulus time histograms (PSTHs) at CF were typically(More)
A phenomenological model with time-varying excitation and inhibition was developed to study possible neural mechanisms underlying changes in the representation of temporal envelopes along the auditory pathway. A modified version of an existing auditory-nerve model [Zhang et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109, 648-670 (2001)] was used to provide inputs to higher(More)
A phenomenological model was developed to describe responses of high-spontaneous-rate auditory-nerve (AN) fibers, including several nonlinear response properties. Level-dependent gain (compression), bandwidth, and phase properties were implemented with a control path that varied the gain and bandwidth of tuning in the signal-path filter. By making the(More)
1. We recorded responses of low-frequency auditory nerve fibers (characteristic frequency (CF) less than 3 kHz) in the cat to resonant stimuli with varied natural frequencies, damping coefficients, and sound pressure levels. Responses to resonances were synchronized to frequencies lying between the peak frequency of the stimulus spectrum and a frequency(More)
Neural responses to amplitude-modulated (AM) tones in the unanesthetized rabbit inferior colliculus (IC) were studied in an effort to establish explicit relationships between physiological and psychophysical measures of temporal envelope processing. Specifically, responses to variations in modulation depth (m) at the cell's best modulation frequency, with(More)
A phenomenological model of the auditory periphery in cats was previously developed by Zilany and colleagues [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126, 2390-2412 (2009)] to examine the detailed transformation of acoustic signals into the auditory-nerve representation. In this paper, a few issues arising from the responses of the previous version have been addressed. The(More)
This study reports simulations of recent physiological results from the gerbil medial superior olive (MSO) that reveal that blocking glycinergic inhibition can shift the tuning for the interaural time difference (ITD) of the cell (Brand et al., 2002). Our simulations indicate that the model proposed in the study by Brand et al. (2002) requires precisely(More)