Laureen Lammers

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BACKGROUND Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) has a crucial role in the metabolic conversion of tamoxifen into the active metabolite endoxifen. In this cohort study, the effect of CYP2D6-predicted phenotype, defined as the combined effect of CYP2D6 genetic variation and concomitant use of CYP2D6-inhibiting medication, on time to breast cancer progression (TTP)(More)
Functional constipation is a common healthcare problem among children worldwide and accounts for high healthcare usage and costs. Functional constipation is a clinical diagnosis; the evaluation primarily consists of a thorough medical history and a complete physical examination. Additional investigations are not necessary in most cases. Treatment consists(More)
INTRODUCTION Hepatic drug metabolism by cytochrome P450 enzymes is altered by the nutritional status of patients. The expression of P450 enzymes is partly regulated by the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR). Fasting regulates the expression of both P450 enzymes and CAR and affects hepatic drug clearance. We hypothesized that the fasting-induced(More)
Extended-release naltrexone (XRNT), an opioid receptor antagonist, is successfully used in the treatment of opioid dependence. However, naltrexone treatment of opioid-dependent patients may reduce striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) availability and cause depression and anhedonia. The aim of this study is to investigate changes in striatal DAT availability(More)
Time-dependent drug-drug interactions (TDDIs) are drug combinations that result in a decreased drug effect due to coadministration of a second drug. Such interactions can be prevented by separately administering the drugs. This study attempted to reduce drug administration errors due to overridden TDDIs in a care provider order entry (CPOE) system. In four(More)
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