Laure Vallotton

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BACKGROUND The ongoing Ebola outbreak led to accelerated efforts to test vaccine candidates. On the basis of a request by WHO, we aimed to assess the safety and immunogenicity of the monovalent, recombinant, chimpanzee adenovirus type-3 vector-based Ebola Zaire vaccine (ChAd3-EBO-Z). METHODS We did this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled,(More)
It has been recently shown (Seddiki, N., B. Santner-Nanan, J. Martinson, J. Zaunders, S. Sasson, A. Landay, M. Solomon, W. Selby, S.I. Alexander, R. Nanan, et al. 2006. J. Exp. Med. 203:1693-1700.) that the expression of interleukin (IL) 7 receptor (R) alpha discriminates between two distinct CD4 T cell populations, both characterized by the expression of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In humans, circulating CD4(+)CD25(high) T cells contain mainly regulatory T cells (Treg; FoxP3(+)IL-7Rα(low)), but a small subset is represented by activated effector T cells (Tact; FoxP3(-)IL-7Rα(high)). The balance between Tact and Treg may be important after transplantation. The aim of this study was first to analyze and(More)
The expression of interleukin 7 receptor alpha(high) (IL-7Ralpha(high)) discriminates between activated CD25(+)CD45RO(+)CD4(+) T cells [IL-7Ralpha(high) and forkhead box P3-negative (FoxP3(-))] and regulatory T cells (IL-7Ralpha(low) and FoxP3(+)). The IL-7Ralpha(high)CD25(+)CD45RO(+)CD4(+)FoxP3(-) T cell population has been shown to be expanded in the(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis remains one of the world's deadliest transmissible diseases despite widespread use of the BCG vaccine. MTBVAC is a new live tuberculosis vaccine based on genetically attenuated Mycobacterium tuberculosis that expresses most antigens present in human isolates of M tuberculosis. We aimed to compare the safety of MTBVAC with BCG in(More)
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