Learn More
The vertebrate head skeleton is derived in part from neural crest cells, which physically interact with head ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm to shape the pharyngeal arches. The cellular and molecular nature of these interactions is poorly understood, and we explore here the function of endoderm in this process. By genetic ablation and reintroduction of(More)
Cell migration plays an essential role in many morphogenetic processes, and its deregulation has many dramatic consequences. Yet how migration is controlled during normal development is still a largely unresolved question. We examined this process in the case of the posterior lateral line (PLL), a mechanosensory system present in fish and amphibians. In(More)
casanova (cas) mutant zebrafish embryos lack endoderm and develop cardia bifida. In a substractive screen for Nodal-responsive genes, we isolated an HMG box-containing gene, 10J3, which is expressed in the endoderm. The cas phenotype is rescued by overexpression of 10J3 and can be mimicked by 10J3-directed morpholinos. Furthermore, we identified a mutation(More)
The cytogenetic effects of asbestos fibers on rat pleural mesothelial cells were studied in vitro. Crocidolite UICC significantly enhanced aneuploidy and produced few structural chromosome aberrations, whereas anatase, an isomorphic particle, induced no numerical or structural changes. Mitomycin C (300 nM) produced a tenfold increase in abnormal anaphases(More)
The data of the present study indicate that chrysotile induces the formation of a clastogenic factor (CF) when mesothelial cells are exposed to these fibersin vitro. Ultrafiltrates of culture media induce chromosome damage in human lymphocytes used as a test system for the detection of clastogenic activity in conditioned media. According to the cut off of(More)
Malignant mesothelioma is a tumor arising from serous surfaces and often related to asbestos exposure. Malignant mesothelioma is resistant to various forms of therapy. Radiotherapy, surgery or chemotherapy only slightly improve prognosis. IFN-gamma produces complete or partial responses in stage-I patients with malignant mesothelioma. The in vitro(More)
In vivo production of monokines was analyzed in 17 human malignant pleural mesotheliomas. High concentrations of interleukin 6 (IL-6) were detected in pleural effusions, contrasting with low levels of IL-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha. This production arose from malignant cells, as shown by immunochemical analysis of pleural cells and by production(More)
Endoderm originates from a large endomesodermal field requiring Nodal signalling. The mechanisms that ensure segregation of endoderm from mesoderm are not fully understood. We first show that the timing and dose of Nodal activation are crucial for endoderm formation and the endoderm versus mesoderm fate choice, because sustained Nodal signalling is required(More)
The role of reactive oxygen metabolites in the toxic effects of asbestos on pleural mesothelial cells is not well defined. We exposed rat pleural mesothelial cells (RPMC) to chrysotile and crocidolite fibers (0-40 micrograms/cm2) in the presence or absence of catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Cell injury was measured using the colorimetric 3-4(More)
Nodal signalling is essential for many developmental events during vertebrate development, including the establishment of left-right asymmetry, of dorsoventral axis of the central nervous system, and endoderm and mesoderm formation. The zebrafish TGFbeta-related type I receptor, TARAM-A (Tar), is expressed in the prospective mesendodermal territory and,(More)