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Discriminant analysis was used to develop equations for predicting dystocia in 2-yr-old, first-calf beef heifers. Data collected on 893 yearling heifers from 34 farms were used to derive four sets of prediction equations (Data Set 1). There was a set of equations for British x British (BRBR) heifers at prebreeding, BRBR heifers at pregnancy check,(More)
Three methods for predicting difficult births were tested on 4,140 yearling heifers measured before breeding and(or) at pregnancy check approximately 6 mo later. These heifers were from 115 beef herds in Alberta and British Columbia. The overall incidence of dystocia for normal presentations was 26.5%, which included 17.2% easy assists, 7.7% hard pulls, and(More)
Four experiments assessed changes in serum IGF-I under various physiologic conditions in postpartum cows. In Exp. 1, anestrous suckled cows (n = 25) were infused for 6 d with either saline or glucose at two different infusion rates. In Exp. 2, anestrous cows (n = 29) received either a saline (weaned and suckled controls) or 3 g/d phlorizin (weaned(More)
Anestrous postpartum (PP) Hereford cows (n = 41) were used to compare corpora lutea (CL) from gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-induced ovulation with CL from cycling cows. Postpartum cows were injected i.m. daily with 100 mg progesterone (P4) or oil on Days 25 through 28 PP and then given 200 micrograms GnRH i.m. on Day 30 PP. Corpora lutea were(More)
Anestrous postpartum (PP) Hereford cows (n =20) were used to determine the effects of repeated injections of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on the progesterone (P4) secretion and functional lifespan of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-induced corpora lutea (CL). Suckling was reduced to once a day from Day 21 to Day 25 PP, and all cows received(More)
The frequency of occurrence of behavioral estrus without subsequent development of functional luteal tissue (termed nonpuberal estrus, NPE), was determined in 43 Simmental X Hereford-Brahman heifers. Blood samples were collected weekly from the start of the study to first behavioral estrus and then daily from d 1 (d 0 = estrus) through d 14 following first(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that the increased glucose requirement of lactation had effects that were independent of the suckling-dependent inhibition of postpartum endocrine function in beef cows. Mature Hereford cows were either suckled ad libitum and infused with saline iv (n = 9) from d 2 through 4 (d 0 = jugular catherization on d 32 +/- 3(More)
BACKGROUND Vision loss after spinal surgery is a rare and devastating complication. Risk factors include patient age, operative time, estimated blood loss, and intraoperative fluid management. Children with spinal cord injury often develop scoliosis that requires surgical correction. STUDY DESIGN Case report. METHODS Clinical and radiographic review was(More)
From calving through first estrus, 30 Brangus females were assigned equally to one of three diets to study the effect of postpartum nutrient intake and body condition on the ability of the pituitary to release luteinizing hormone (LH) and on the postpartum interval to estrus (PPI). The postpartum diets were calculated to achieve a 1) low [90% of the(More)
Calving difficulty at first and second parturition, using data recorded on 476 purebred Charolais heifers from a ranch in Southeastern Arizona, were analyzed by analysis of variance, step-wise multiple regression and discriminant analysis. Dystocia score (1 = no assistance through 4 = extreme difficulty) was the dependent variable with dam and calf effects(More)