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Lesion and pharmacological intervention studies have suggested that in both human patients and animals the hippocampus plays a crucial role in the rapid acquisition and storage of information from a novel one-time experience. However, how the hippocampus plays this role is poorly known. Here, we show that mice with NMDA receptor (NR) deletion restricted to(More)
Calcineurin is a calcium-dependent protein phosphatase that has been implicated in various aspects of synaptic plasticity. By using conditional gene-targeting techniques, we created mice in which calcineurin activity is disrupted specifically in the adult forebrain. At hippocampal Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses, LTD was significantly diminished, and there(More)
The hippocampus is crucial for both spatial navigation and episodic memory, suggesting that it provides a common function to both. Here we adapt a spatial paradigm, developed for rodents, for use with functional MRI in humans to show that activation of the right hippocampus predicts the use of an allocentric spatial representation, and activation of the(More)
Retinoid-related orphan receptor alpha (RORalpha) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily. To study its physiological role we generated null-mutant mice by targeted insertion of a lacZ reporter gene encoding the enzyme beta-galactosidase. In heterozygous RORalpha+/- mice we found beta-galactosidase activity, indicative of RORalpha protein(More)
Spatial representation is an active process that requires complex multimodal integration from a large interacting network of cortical and subcortical structures. We sought to determine the role of cerebellar protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent plasticity in spatial navigation by recording the activity of hippocampal place cells in transgenic L7PKCI mice with(More)
At least two main cognitive strategies can be used to solve a complex navigation task: the allocentric or map-based strategy and the sequential egocentric or route-based strategy. The sequential egocentric strategy differs from a succession of independent simple egocentric responses as it requires a sequential ordering of events, possibly sharing functional(More)
Flexible spatial behavior requires the ability to orchestrate the interaction of multiple parallel processes. At the sensory level, multimodal inputs must be combined to produce a robust description of the spatiotemporal properties of the environment. At the action-selection level, multiple concurrent navigation policies must be dynamically weighted in(More)
L7-PKCI transgenic mice, which lack parallel fiber-Purkinje cell long-term depression (LTD), were tested with two different mazes to dissociate the relative importance of declarative and procedural components of spatial navigation. We show that L7-PKCI mice are deficient in acquisition of an adapted goal-oriented behavior, part of the procedural component(More)
The inferior olivary complex of adult rats was chemically destroyed using intraperitoneal injection of 3-acetylpyridine. Animals were submitted to different motor tasks: hanging test, equilibrium test and motor co-ordination test. The different scores show that 3-acetylpyridine-treated rats had motor co-ordination and static equilibrium deficiencies,(More)
Navigation in a complex environment can rely on the use of different spatial strategies. We have focused on the employment of "allocentric" (i.e., encoding interrelationships among environmental cues, movements, and the location of the goal) and "sequential egocentric" (i.e., sequences of body turns associated with specific choice points) strategies during(More)