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UV irradiation acts as a broad activator of cell surface growth factor and cytokine receptors. This ligand-independent receptor activation induces multiple downstream signaling pathways that regulate expression of multiple genes. These signaling pathways converge to stimulate transcription factor AP-1. Among genes whose expression is regulated by AP-1 are(More)
Reduced synthesis of collagen types I and III is characteristic of chronologically aged skin. The present report provides evidence that both cellular fibroblast aging and defective mechanical stimulation in the aged tissue contribute to reduced collagen synthesis. The reduction in collagen synthesis due to fibroblast aging was demonstrated by a lower in(More)
The dermal extracellular matrix (ECM) provides strength and resiliency to skin. The ECM consists mostly of type I collagen fibrils, which are produced by fibroblasts. Binding of fibroblasts to collagen fibrils generates mechanical forces, which regulate cellular morphology and function. With aging, collagen fragmentation reduces fibroblast-ECM binding and(More)
We have shown that autocrine proliferation of human keratinocytes (KCs) is strongly dependent upon amphiregulin (AREG), whereas blockade of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) inhibits KC migration in scratch wound assays. Here we demonstrate that expression of soluble HB-EGF (sHB-EGF) or full-length transmembrane HB-EGF (proHB-EGF), but not(More)
Eccrine sweat glands are skin-associated epithelial structures (appendages) that are unique to some primates including humans and are absent in the skin of most laboratory animals including rodents, rabbits, and pigs. On the basis of the known importance of other skin appendages (hair follicles, apocrine glands, and sebaceous glands) for wound repair in(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality; however, the mechanisms that are involved in disease initiation and progression are incompletely understood. Extracellular matrix proteins play an integral role in modulating vascular homeostasis in health and disease. Here, we determined that the expression of the matricellular(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate dermal remodeling effects of crystal-free microdermabrasion on photodamaged skin. DESIGN Biochemical analyses of human skin biopsy specimens following microdermabrasion treatment in vivo. SETTING Academic referral center. PARTICIPANTS Volunteer sample of 40 adults, aged 50 to 83 years, with clinically photodamaged forearms.(More)
In this study, we examined ErbB1 signaling in human basal and squamous cell carcinomas (BCC and SCC) of the skin in vivo. We used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, laser capture microdissection-coupled real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry to assess expression and activation levels of ErbB1 protein, ligands,(More)
Dermal fibroblasts synthesize and organize skin connective tissue (dermis). Fibroblast cultures provide a powerful tool for investigating both the molecular mechanisms that regulate skin connective tissue production and the pathophysiology of fibrotic skin diseases. In this chapter, we describe detailed procedures for establishing and maintaining primary(More)
Nonenzymatic glycation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins is increased in diabetes mellitus and aging and triggers cellular events leading to an imbalance in ECM homeostasis. We studied the influence of collagen glycation on matrix metalloproteinase production by dermal fibroblasts using the model of lattice cultures. Contraction of glycated collagen(More)