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Ferulic acid is an important antioxidant found in food, beverages, supplements, and herbal medicines. However, its mechanism of absorption in the colon has never been examined, even though this is its main site of in vivo absorption. Ferulic acid was efficiently transported as the free form through an in vitro model for the colonic epithelium consisting of(More)
Gastric absorption of feruloylquinic acid and di-O-caffeoylquinic acid analogs has never been investigated despite their potential contribution to the proposed beneficial health effects leading to reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. Using a cultured gastric epithelial model, with an acidic apical pH, the relative permeability coefficients (P(app)) and(More)
Dihydrocaffeic acid, a dietary constituent and a microbial metabolite of flavonoids, is an antioxidant, but few biological effects have been examined. After its production by microflora in the colon, dihydrocaffeic acid is absorbed and found in plasma as a combination of free and metabolized forms. Excess solar UV radiation provokes damage and initiates(More)
The antioxidant dihydrocaffeic acid is a dietary constituent and a microbial metabolite of flavonoids. Orally administered to rats, dihydrocaffeic acid was very rapidly absorbed most probably by the gastric or duodenal epithelium and excreted in urine as free and conjugated forms. LC-MS2 analysis of plasma and urine samples allowed confident identification(More)
There is a considerable need to rationalize the membrane permeability and mechanism of transport for potential nutraceuticals. The aim of this investigation was to develop a theoretical permeability equation, based on a reported descriptive absorption model, enabling calculation of the transcellular component of absorption across Caco-2 monolayers.(More)
Coffee is a rich source of polyphenols, primarily chlorogenic acids (CGA). Certain polyphenols and polyphenol-rich foods and beverages have been shown to improve endothelial function and lower blood pressure (BP). The aim of the present study was to investigate the acute effect of two doses of CGA (5-CGA) on endothelial function and BP. In a cross-over(More)
Hydroxycinnamic acids (HCAs) are emerging naturally occurring anti-inflammatory bioactive compounds. Determination of HCA metabolism has been restricted by the lack of authentic standards for the in vivo metabolites, and so the bioavailability of metabolites is often estimated post-hydrolysis. Recently a set of HCA conjugates were chemically synthesized(More)
SCOPE This study reports the 24 h human plasma pharmacokinetics of 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid (dimethoxycinnamic acid) after consumption of coffee, and the membrane transport characteristics of certain dimethoxycinnamic acid derivatives, as present in coffee. METHODS AND RESULTS Eight healthy human volunteers consumed a low-polyphenol diet for 24 h before(More)
Lipids play an important role in the diet of preterm and term infants providing a key energy source and essential lipid components for development. While a lot is known about adult lipid digestion, our understanding of infant digestion physiology is still incomplete, the greatest gap being on the biochemistry of the small intestine, particularly the(More)
We report a systematic investigation of the effects and structural requirements for ion suppression in negative ion mode electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry of a series of carboxylic acids and present a structural model rationalising ion suppression effects.