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Three adult female elephants (Elephas maximus) were tested on a light-dark discrimination problem with an 8-yr intertrial interval. The first subject took only 6 min to reach criterion and made only two errors, suggesting remarkable retention. The other two subjects were found to have visual anomalies that would have gone undetected without this research.
Microarray technology provides a unique opportunity to examine gene expression patterns in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). We performed a meta-analysis of 38 original studies reporting on the transcriptome of hESCs. We determined that 1,076 genes were found to be overexpressed in hESCs by at least three studies when compared to differentiated cell(More)
High-dose cyclophosphamide (Cy) and G-CSF are widely used to mobilize hemopoietic stem cells for treating patients with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Because lymphocyte count in the graft collected after Cy-G-CSF treatment is an independent survival factor after ASCT for patients with multiple myeloma, our purpose(More)
The basal ganglia, which are interconnected in the striato-nigral dopaminergic network, are affected in several childhood diseases including Leigh syndrome (LS). LS is the most common mitochondrial disorder affecting children and usually arise from inhibition of the respiratory chain. This vulnerability is attributed to a particular susceptibility to(More)
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