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UV photodissociation (UVPD) at 262 nm has been carried out on protonated tyrosyl-containing peptides formed by trypsin digestion of apo-transferrin. Under UVPD, the main event is the fragmentation of the C(alpha)-C(beta) bond of the tyrosyl residues leading to a radical ion 107 Da below the precursor ion. The dissociation rate of this specific cleavage(More)
Arterial stiffness, estimated by pulse wave velocity (PWV), is an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. However, the clinical applicability of these measurements and the elaboration of reference PWV values are difficult due to differences between the various devices used. In a population of 50 subjects aged 20-84 years, we(More)
IMPORTANCE Hypertension treatment is beneficial for most hypertensive patients. The benefits for patients who are very old and frail, especially those taking numerous medications, are less certain. OBJECTIVE To provide recommendations for the evaluation and treatment of hypertension among patients aged 80 years and older. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION MEDLINE,(More)
Almost all the epidemiological studies that aimed to answer the question of the relationship between heart rate and all-cause or cardiovascular morbidity and mortality reported that a high heart rate was associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. This relationship has been found to be generally stronger in men than among(More)
Activation of the AT1 angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors has various effects including vasoconstriction, hypertrophy, and possibly hyperplasia of vascular smooth muscle cells and cardiomyocytes and increase in extracellular collagen matrix synthesis. These actions lead to the development of cardiovascular hypertrophy and fibrosis, as well as arterial(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine whether the carotid/brachial (C/B) ratio is an independent predictor of cardiovascular (CV) risk. BACKGROUND Brachial and carotid pulse pressure (PP) are independent predictors of CV risk, mainly in elderly patients. Because PP is physiologically lower at the brachial than at the carotid arterial site, PP(More)
Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) is considered the gold-standard measurement of arterial stiffness. Obesity, however, can render inaccurate the measurement of PWV by external noninvasive devices. Phase-contrast MRI allows the determination of aortic PWV in multiple aortic locations with intra-arterial distance measurements, as well as the(More)
BACKGROUND Increased aortic pulse wave velocity (AoPWV) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. There are, however, no generally accepted limits for defining the normal or reference values. The aim of the present study was to define reference values for AoPWV. PATIENTS AND METHODS AoPWV was assessed using applanation(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in the control of bleeding from ectopic varices. METHODS From 1995 to 2004, 24 cirrhotic patients, bleeding from ectopic varices, mean age 54.5 years (range 15-76 years), were treated by TIPS. The etiology of cirrhosis was alcoholic in 13 patients and(More)