Laure Gabert

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OBJECTIVE Fructose is partly metabolized in small bowel enterocytes, where it can be converted into glucose or fatty acids. It was therefore hypothesized that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) may significantly alter fructose metabolism. METHODS We performed a randomized clinical study in eight patients 12-17 months after RYGB and eight control (Ctrl)(More)
CONTEXT The hypothesis of a limited expansion of sc adipose tissue during weight gain provides an attractive explanation for the reorientation of excess lipids toward ectopic sites, contributing to visceral adipose depots and metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to define whether the characteristics of sc adipose tissue influence the partition(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged postprandial hypertriglyceridemia is a potential risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. In the context of obesity, this is associated with a chronic imbalance of lipid partitioning oriented toward storage and not toward β-oxidation. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that the physical structure of fat in a meal can modify the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies suggested that physical activity energy expenditure (AEE) is a major determinant of dietary fat oxidation, which is a central component of fat metabolism and body weight regulation. OBJECTIVE We tested this hypothesis by investigating the effect of contrasted physical activity levels on dietary saturated and monounsaturated(More)
SCOPE Enhanced adiposity and metabolic inflammation are major features of obesity that could be impacted by dietary emulsifiers. We investigated in high-fat fed mice the effects of using a new polar lipid (PL) emulsifier from milk (MPL) instead of soybean lecithin (soybean PL [SPL]) on adipose tissue and intestinal mucosa function. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
In the pathophysiological context of obesity, oral exposure to dietary fat can modulate lipid digestion and absorption, but underlying in-mouth mechanisms have not been clearly identified. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that salivary components related to dietary fat sensitivity would differ according to body mass index (BMI) and postprandial lipid(More)
Lipid metabolism studies focus mainly on oxidation and storage but rarely on faecal elimination, which is needed to assess total lipid distribution during the postprandial period. The purpose of the present work was to set up and validate the analysis of lipid tracers in stools, with an aim of later using this methodology in studies of postprandial lipid(More)
Our aim was to characterize the effects and the underlying mechanisms of the lipid-regulating agent Niaspan(®) on both insulin action and triglyceride decrease in 20 nondiabetic, dyslipidemic men with metabolic syndrome receiving Niaspan(®) (2 g/day) or placebo for 8 weeks in a randomized, cross-over study. The effects on plasma lipid profile were(More)
A reference method to accurately define kinetics in response to the ingestion of glucose in terms of total, exogenous and endogenous glucose is to use stable-isotope-labelled compounds such as 2H and 13C glucose followed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC/C/IRMS) analysis.(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise prevents the adverse effects of a high-fructose diet through mechanisms that remain unknown. OBJECTIVE We assessed the hypothesis that exercise prevents fructose-induced increases in very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) triglycerides by decreasing the fructose conversion into glucose and VLDL-triglyceride and fructose carbon storage(More)