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This study has investigated the effects of the selection of the diffusion-weighted (DW) gradient directions on the precision of a diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) experiment. The theoretical analysis provided a quantitative framework in which the noise performance of DTI schemes could be assessed objectively and for the development of novel DTI schemes, which(More)
This work studies the effect of diffusion-weighting on the precision of measurements of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC, or D) by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The precision in the value of the ADC was described in terms of a diffusion-to-noise ratio (DNR) which was calculated as the signal-to-noise ratio in the resultant ADC. A(More)
A non-invasive cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique was developed to allow, for the first time, detection and characterization of chronic changes in myocardial tissue volume and the effects upon these of treatment by the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic male Wistar rats. Animals that had(More)
A novel method is described for the non line-of-sight coating of hydroxyapatite onto polyurethane reticulated foam and titanium discs. This utilises a biofilm of Serratia sp. NCIMB 40259 which, when challenged with a solution containing calcium chloride and phosphatase substrate, manufactures biofilm-bound material identified as hydroxyapatite by X-ray(More)
Measurements by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spin-spin (T2), spin-lattice (T1) and spin-density (M0) parameters of water protons, optimized by using the Cramér-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB) theory, were made to quantify the effect of surgically induced osteoarthritis on rat knee cartilage at 4.7 T. Partial meniscectomy was performed on the right medial(More)
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) in the gyrencephalic cat brain was detected with diffusion-weighted echoplanar (DWEP) magnetic resonance imaging (4-8/min for 1-2 hours) using a horizontal imaging plane through the suprasylvian (SG) and marginal gyri. A t-statistic mapping technique allowed a quantitative characterization of the passage of events through(More)
Details in the living animal can be compared with respective histologic section taken after death. In less than 35 min, 12 to 16 coronal and transverse images through the brain can be obtained, each with an in-plane resolution of 100 x 200 microns and a slice thickness of 900 microns. The experimental parameters can be manipulated not only to achieve(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly used to study the pathophysiological evolution of cerebral ischemia in humans and animals. We have investigated photochemically induced (rose bengal) focal cerebral ischemia, a relatively noninvasive, reproducible model for stroke, and compared the evolution of the ischemic response in(More)
1. We have used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examine acute morphological changes in the left ventricle throughout the cardiac cycle in normal Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) and also to follow the development of chronic changes in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). This involved the development of MRI and quantitative analysis techniques for(More)
The dependence of BOLD signal change (BSC) on baseline hematocrit is in the process of being characterized, primarily using conventional Gradient Echo (GE) echo planar imaging (EPI). We describe the first empiric exploration of this relationship using, in addition to GE, Spin Echo (SE) and two Asymmetric Spin Echo EPI sequences (ASE10 and ASE20), which are(More)