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The dependence of BOLD signal change (BSC) on baseline hematocrit is in the process of being characterized, primarily using conventional Gradient Echo (GE) echo planar imaging (EPI). We describe the first empiric exploration of this relationship using, in addition to GE, Spin Echo (SE) and two Asymmetric Spin Echo EPI sequences (ASE10 and ASE20), which are(More)
This work studies the effect of diffusion-weighting on the precision of measurements of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC, or D) by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The precision in the value of the ADC was described in terms of a diffusion-to-noise ratio (DNR) which was calculated as the signal-to-noise ratio in the resultant ADC. A(More)
This study has investigated the effects of the selection of the diffusion-weighted (DW) gradient directions on the precision of a diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) experiment. The theoretical analysis provided a quantitative framework in which the noise performance of DTI schemes could be assessed objectively and for the development of novel DTI schemes, which(More)
This study investigated the properties of a class of rotationally invariant and symmetric (relative to the principal diffusivities) indices of the anisotropy of water self-diffusion, namely fractional anisotropy (FA), relative anisotropy (RA), and volume ratio (VR), with particular emphasis to their measurement in brain tissues. A simplified theoretical(More)
This study has investigated the relationship between the noise sensitivity of measurement by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the diffusion tensor (D) of water and the number N of diffusion-weighting (DW) gradient directions, using computer simulations of strongly anisotropic fibers with variable orientation. The DW directions uniformly sampled the(More)
A non-invasive cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique was developed to allow, for the first time, detection and characterization of chronic changes in myocardial tissue volume and the effects upon these of treatment by the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic male Wistar rats. Animals that had(More)
Measurements by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spin-spin (T2), spin-lattice (T1) and spin-density (M0) parameters of water protons, optimized by using the Cramér-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB) theory, were made to quantify the effect of surgically induced osteoarthritis on rat knee cartilage at 4.7 T. Partial meniscectomy was performed on the right medial(More)
Details in the living animal can be compared with respective histologic section taken after death. In less than 35 min, 12 to 16 coronal and transverse images through the brain can be obtained, each with an in-plane resolution of 100 x 200 microns and a slice thickness of 900 microns. The experimental parameters can be manipulated not only to achieve(More)
A novel method is described for the non line-of-sight coating of hydroxyapatite onto polyurethane reticulated foam and titanium discs. This utilises a biofilm of Serratia sp. NCIMB 40259 which, when challenged with a solution containing calcium chloride and phosphatase substrate, manufactures biofilm-bound material identified as hydroxyapatite by X-ray(More)
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) in the gyrencephalic cat brain was detected with diffusion-weighted echoplanar (DWEP) magnetic resonance imaging (4-8/min for 1-2 hours) using a horizontal imaging plane through the suprasylvian (SG) and marginal gyri. A t-statistic mapping technique allowed a quantitative characterization of the passage of events through(More)