Laurance D. Hall

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This study investigated the properties of a class of rotationally invariant and symmetric (relative to the principal diffusivities) indices of the anisotropy of water self-diffusion, namely fractional anisotropy (FA), relative anisotropy (RA), and volume ratio (VR), with particular emphasis to their measurement in brain tissues. A simplified theoretical(More)
The dependence of BOLD signal change (BSC) on baseline hematocrit is in the process of being characterized, primarily using conventional Gradient Echo (GE) echo planar imaging (EPI). We describe the first empiric exploration of this relationship using, in addition to GE, Spin Echo (SE) and two Asymmetric Spin Echo EPI sequences (ASE10 and ASE20), which are(More)
This study has investigated the effects of the selection of the diffusion-weighted (DW) gradient directions on the precision of a diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) experiment. The theoretical analysis provided a quantitative framework in which the noise performance of DTI schemes could be assessed objectively and for the development of novel DTI schemes, which(More)
Blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) contrast functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to study the effects of the D(2)-like receptor selective antagonist, sulpiride, at 2 Tesla in the brain of the alpha-chloralose anaesthetised rat. Region of interest (ROI) analysis indicated significant (P<0.05) bilateral increases in BOLD signal(More)
This work studies the effect of diffusion-weighting on the precision of measurements of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC, or D) by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The precision in the value of the ADC was described in terms of a diffusion-to-noise ratio (DNR) which was calculated as the signal-to-noise ratio in the resultant ADC. A(More)
Functional MRI (fMRI) was used to investigate the effects of psychotropic compound activity in the rat brain in vivo. The effects of dizocilpine (MK-801) an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist and m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), a 5-HT(2b/2c)-receptor agonist on rat brain activity were investigated over a time interval of about 1 h and the results(More)
This study has investigated the relationship between the noise sensitivity of measurement by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the diffusion tensor (D) of water and the number N of diffusion-weighting (DW) gradient directions, using computer simulations of strongly anisotropic fibers with variable orientation. The DW directions uniformly sampled the(More)
A non-invasive cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique was developed to allow, for the first time, detection and characterization of chronic changes in myocardial tissue volume and the effects upon these of treatment by the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic male Wistar rats. Animals that had(More)
1.Time-lapse diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) was used to detect and characterize complex waves of cortical spreading depression (CSD) evoked with KCL placed upon the suprasylvian gyrus of anaesthetized cats. 2. The time-lapse representations successfully demonstrated primary CSD waves that propagated with elliptical wavefronts(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly used to study the pathophysiological evolution of cerebral ischemia in humans and animals. We have investigated photochemically induced (rose bengal) focal cerebral ischemia, a relatively noninvasive, reproducible model for stroke, and compared the evolution of the ischemic response in(More)