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The corpora lutea of pregnancy in the rat are highly dependent on the action of PRL and PRL-like hormones to hypertrophy and to produce progesterone needed for the maintenance of gestation. Two forms of the PRL receptor (PRL-R), designated as long (PRL-RL) and short (PRL-RS), have been described in rat tissues. To determine whether both forms are present in(More)
Prostaglandin F(2)alpha (PGF(2)alpha) binding to its receptor on the rat corpus luteum triggers various signal transduction pathways that lead to the activation of a steroidogenic enzyme, 20alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20alpha-HSD), which in turn catabolizes progesterone. The molecular mechanism underlying PGF(2)alpha-induced 20alpha-HSD enzyme(More)
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) is a gut-derived hormone known to be important in modulating glucose-induced insulin secretion. In addition, GIP receptors are widely distributed and may have effects on multiple other tissues: fat cells, adrenal glands, endothelium and brain. We have demonstrated recently that GIP also has anabolic effects on(More)
Estradiol, together with PRL and placental lactogens, regulates steroidogenesis and cell hypertrophy in the rat corpus luteum of pregnancy. Although binding experiments have demonstrated the presence of estrogen-binding sites, no evidence exists as to whether the rat corpus luteum of pregnancy expresses the estrogen receptor (ER) genes. In this(More)
We have recently identified, characterized, and cloned a luteal microsomal 32-kDa phosphoprotein that we named PRAP (for PRL-receptor associated protein), and we have demonstrated that PRAP binds to the intracellular domain of the short but not the long form of the PRL receptor. In this study, we used PRAP cDNA to examine the tissue specificity, the(More)
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) is a 42-amino acid peptide synthesized and secreted from endocrine cells in the small intestine. The role of GIP in coupling nutrient intake and insulin secretion, the incretin effect, is well known. We report that GIP receptor messenger RNA and protein are present in normal bone and osteoblast-like cell lines,(More)
The rat 20 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20 alpha-HSD) is an enzyme responsible for the catabolism of progesterone to the inactive 20 alpha-hydroxprogesterone. We have previously shown that the expression of this enzyme is not regulated by post-translational modification, but at the level of transcription. In this study we have established that the 20(More)
To further our goal of identifying and characterizing the functions of major components of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in oligodendrocytes, the gene encoding the activator of transcription factor 3 protein (ATF3) has been ablated in mice expressing mutant forms of the Proteolipid protein 1 (Plp1) gene and the phenotype of double mutants(More)
The enzyme, rat ovarian 20 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20 alpha HSD), plays a central role in luteolysis and parturition. It catalyzes the reduction of progesterone, leading to the formation of progestationally inactive steroid, 20 alpha-hydroxypregn-4-ene-3-one (20 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone). Recently, we reported the cloning, sequencing, and(More)