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B oth individuals and society at large benefit when an individual earns a college degree. The benefits to individuals are short term and long term, economic and non-economic. Short-term benefits include enjoyment of the learning experience, participation in athletic, cultural, and social events, and enhancement of social status. Long-term benefits include(More)
Advisory Board The ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report Series is sponsored by the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE), which provides an editorial advisory board of ASHE members. Executive Summary v Retaining Minority Students in Higher Education Today about half of students with dreams and aspirations based on their future receipt of an(More)
BACKGROUND The vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene is present in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells and its genetic variants have been associated with an increased risk of CRC. The association with colorectal cancer prognosis remains widely unexplored. METHODS 1397 colorectal cancer patients participating in two cancer cohorts (ESTHER II and VERDI) and in a(More)
Projections from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the Bureau of Labor Statistics suggest that many of the fastest-growing jobs in the U.S. will require some form of postsecondary education — be it technical certification, an associate's degree, a bachelor's degree or beyond. And although the vast majority of students (and their parents) express the belief(More)
Several studies have suggested that the anticancerogenous effects of vitamin D might be modulated by genetic variants in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene. The association of VDR polymorphisms with breast cancer-specific and all-cause mortality after a breast cancer diagnosis remains, however, largely unexplored. We assessed the association of genetic(More)
BACKGROUND Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration has been linked to mortality in several studies, but appropriate cutoffs to define risk categories are under debate. OBJECTIVE We aimed to conduct a repeated-measurements analysis on the association of serum 25(OH)D concentrations with all-cause and cause-specific mortality, with particular(More)
BACKGROUND cognitive impairment is widespread among older adults even in the absence of dementia, but very little is known about the association between cognitive impairment not due or not yet converted to dementia and mortality. The association between cognitive impairment and mortality contributes to assessing cognitive impairment-related risk(More)