Laura W. Schrum

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The present study examined the roles of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) in activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC), a pivotal event in liver fibrogenesis. RNase protection assay detected mRNA for PPARgamma1 but not that for the adipocyte-specific gamma2 isoform in HSC isolated from sham-operated rats, whereas the transcripts for(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation is a pivotal event in initiation and progression of hepatic fibrosis and a major contributor to collagen deposition driven by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β). MicroRNAs (miRs), small noncoding RNAs modulating messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression, have emerged as key regulatory molecules in(More)
During fibrosis the hepatic stellate cell (HSC) undergoes a complex activation process characterized by increased proliferation and extracellular matrix deposition. The 70-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase (p70S6K) is activated by mitogens, growth factors, and hormones in a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent manner. p70S6K regulates protein synthesis,(More)
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a major cause of acute and chronic liver disease worldwide. The progressive nature of ALD is well described; however, the complex interactions under which these pathologies evolve remain to be fully elucidated. Clinically there are no clear biomarkers or universally accepted, effective treatment strategies for ALD.(More)
Agonistic antibodies against the Fas receptor, when administered to mice in vivo, cause significant apoptosis in the liver. In this study we show that anti-Fas antibody not only causes apoptosis of liver cells but also provokes hepatic inflammation. Two hours after injection of anti-Fas, when mice displayed evidence of caspase-3 activation and apoptosis, we(More)
Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) participate in matrix remodeling and deposition in liver fibrosis. The present study demonstrates that interleukin (IL)-10 is expressed by HSC upon activation in vitro or in vivo and that autocrine effects of this cytokine include inhibition of collagen production. Culture activation of HSC caused a distinct increase(More)
The let-7 microRNA (miRNA) plays important roles in human liver development and diseases such as hepatocellular carcinoma, liver fibrosis and hepatitis wherein oxidative stress accelerates the progression of these diseases. To date, the role of the let-7 miRNA family in modulation of heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1), a key cytoprotective enzyme, remains unknown.(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic ethanol consumption increases the risk of hepatic cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While sex differences exist in susceptibility to ethanol-induced liver damage/HCC development, little is known about the effects of ethanol on tumor progression. METHODS Neonatal male and female mice were initiated with a single dose of(More)
Two common pathogens of bone, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella, were investigated for their ability to induce chemokine expression in bone-forming osteoblasts. Cultured mouse or human osteoblasts could rapidly respond to bacterial infection by upregulating the mRNA encoding the chemokine, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). This rapid induction(More)
Fibrosis results from an increase in the synthesis and deposition of type I collagen. Fibrosis is frequently associated with inflammation, which is accompanied by increased levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB. However, several agents known to activate NF-kappaB, such as phorbol 12-myristate(More)