Laura Vergani

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Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model for human multiple sclerosis, is characterized by demyelination, inflammation and neurodegeneration of CNS in which free radicals play a role. Recently, the efficacy of murine mesenchimal stem cells (MSCs) as treatment of EAE induced in mice by the encephalitogenic peptide MOG(35-55) was(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) display a remarkable ability to modulate the immune response and protect the central nervous system mainly through the release of soluble factors in a paracrine fashion, affecting the functional behavior of cells in the tissues. Here we investigated the effect of the interaction between MSC and microglia in vitro, and we(More)
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a well-known xenoestrogen in mammalian systems that can affect reproduction also in aquatic organisms. In this work the possible effects of BPA were investigated in the hepatopancreas of the bivalve mollusc Mytilus galloprovincialis: mussels were injected with different amounts of BPA (3-60ng/g dw tissue) and tissues sampled at 24h(More)
Recent reports demonstrated that 3,5-diiodo-l-thyronine (T(2)) was able to prevent lipid accumulation in the liver of rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). In this study, we investigated how the rat liver responds to HFD and T(2) treatment by assessing the transcription profiles of some genes involved in the pathways of lipid metabolism: oxidation, storage and(More)
Metallothioneins are rather ubiquitous metal-binding proteins induced by stressing or physiological stimuli. Two major metallothionein isoforms have been identified in mussel: MT10 and MT20. Nevertheless the high sequence homology, the two isoforms exhibit different expression and inducibility in vivo. We cloned and produced in Escherichia coli the MT20(More)
Despite some advances in the understanding of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathogenesis, significant achievements in treating this disease are still lacking. Mesenchymal stromal (stem) cells (MSCs) have been shown to be effective in several models of neurological disease. To determine the effects of the intravenous injection of MSCs in an ALS mouse(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Previous studies have demonstrated that 3,5-L-diiodothyronine (T(2)) is able to prevent lipid accumulation in the liver of rats fed a high-fat diet. Whether this effect is due to a direct action of T(2) on the liver has not been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the ability of T(2) to reduce the excess lipids in isolated(More)
In higher eukaryotes cellular shape is a dynamic element which can be altered by external and internal factors (i.e. surface interactions, temperature, ionic strength). Our question was: might modifications of cell shape reflect on nuclear morphology and architecture and hence on chromatin function, in order to represent a mechanism of cell regulation? We(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are cysteine-rich proteins involved in homeostasis of essential metals, detoxification of toxic metals and scavenging of free radicals. Scavenging of the stable 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical was measured by means of ESR spectroscopy for two recombinant MTs from aquatic species: MT-10 from the sea mussel Mytilus(More)
The effect of growth hormone (GH) and cadmium (Cd) on metallothionein (MT) expression was investigated in hepatoma cells. In fish the constitutive isoform MT-B and the metal-responsive MT-A are expressed. Real-time RT-PCR revealed that: Cd up-regulates mostly MT-A, GH slightly induces MT-B and the GH/Cd combination induces synergistically both MTs.(More)