Laura Trinkle-Mulcahy

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When vertebrate cells exit mitosis various cellular structures are re-organized to build functional interphase cells. This depends on Cdk1 (cyclin dependent kinase 1) inactivation and subsequent dephosphorylation of its substrates. Members of the protein phosphatase 1 and 2A (PP1 and PP2A) families can dephosphorylate Cdk1 substrates in biochemical extracts(More)
The phosphorylation state of any protein represents a balance of the actions of specific protein kinases and protein phosphatases. Many protein phosphatases are highly enriched in, or exclusive to, the nuclear compartment, where they dephosphorylate key substrates to regulate various nuclear processes. In this review we will discuss recent findings that(More)
Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is a ubiquitous serine/threonine phosphatase regulating many cellular processes. PP1alpha and -gamma are closely related isoforms with distinct localization patterns, shown here by time-lapse microscopy of stably expressed fluorescent protein fusions. A pool of PP1gamma is selectively loaded onto chromatin at anaphase. Using(More)
Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is a ubiquitous serine/threonine phosphatase that regulates many cellular processes, including cell division. When transiently expressed as fluorescent protein (FP) fusions, the three PP1 isoforms, alpha, beta/delta, and gamma1, are active phosphatases with distinct localization patterns. We report here the establishment and(More)
Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is expressed in mammalian cells as three closely related isoforms, alpha, beta/delta and gamma1, which are encoded by separate genes. It has yet to be determined whether the separate isoforms behave in a similar fashion or play distinct roles in vivo. We report here on analyses by fluorescence microscopy of functional and(More)
Protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) is complexed to many proteins that target it to particular subcellular locations and regulate its activity. Here, we show that 'nuclear inhibitor of PP1' (NIPP1), a major nuclear PP1-binding protein, shows a speckled nucleoplasmic distribution where it is colocalised with pre-mRNA splicing factors. One of these factors (Sm) is(More)
The identification of interaction partners in protein complexes is a major goal in cell biology. Here we present a reliable affinity purification strategy to identify specific interactors that combines quantitative SILAC-based mass spectrometry with characterization of common contaminants binding to affinity matrices (bead proteomes). This strategy can be(More)
Analysis of stable cell lines expressing fluorescently tagged survival of motor neurons protein (SMN) and coilin shows striking differences in their dynamic behaviour, both in the nucleus and during mitosis. Cajal bodies labelled with either FP-SMN or FP-coilin show similar behaviour and frequency of movements. However, fluorescence recovery after(More)
A crucial step in transcription is the recruitment of RNA polymerase to promoters. In the transcription of human rRNA genes by RNA Polymerase I (Pol I), transcription factor SL1 has a role as the essential core promoter binding factor. Little is known about the mechanism by which Pol I is recruited. We provide evidence for an essential role for hRRN3, the(More)
The reversible condensation of chromosomes during cell division remains a classic problem in cell biology. Condensation requires the condensin complex in certain experimental systems, but not in many others. Anaphase chromosome segregation almost always fails in condensin-depleted cells, leading to the formation of prominent chromatin bridges and(More)