Laura Tarrago-Litvak

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The oligomeric state of active human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase (IN) has not been clearly elucidated. We analyzed the activity of the different purified oligomeric forms of recombinant IN obtained after stabilization by platinum crosslinking. The crosslinked tetramer isolated by gel chromatography was able to catalyze the full-site(More)
HIV-1 integrase, the retroviral-encoded enzyme involved in the integration of the retrotranscribed viral genome into the host nuclear DNA, is an attractive and still unexploited target. To date, very few inhibitors of this enzyme with a potential therapeutic value have been described. During the search for new HIV-1 targets, we recently described DNA(More)
Retroviral integrase (IN) catalyzes the integration of double-stranded viral DNA into the host cell genome. The reaction can be divided in two steps: 3'-end processing and DNA strand transfer. Here we studied the effect of short oligonucleotides (ODNs) on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) IN. ODNs were either specific, with sequences representing(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) reverse transcription is initiated from cellular tRNA(Lys3) partially annealed to the RNA viral genome at the primer binding site (PBS). This annealing involves interactions between two highly structured RNA molecules. In contrast to HIV-1, in which the reverse transcription initiation complex has been thoroughly(More)
The DNA polymerase of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT) is a target widely used to inhibit HIV-1 replication. In contrast, very few inhibitors of the RNase H activity associated with RT have been described, despite the crucial role played by this activity in viral proliferation. DNA ligands with a high affinity for the(More)
HIV-1 integrase (IN) catalyses integration of a DNA copy of the viral genome into the host genome. Specific interactions between retroviral IN and long terminal repeats (LTR) are required for this insertion. To characterize quantitatively the influence of the determinants of DNA substrate specificity on the oligomerization status of IN, we used the(More)
The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (NS5B) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) plays a key role in the life cycle of the virus. In order to find inhibitors of the HCV polymerase, we screened a library of 81 nucleotide (nt)-long synthetic DNA containing 35 random nucleotides by the Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential enrichment (SELEX) approach. Thirty(More)
Specific interactions between retroviral integrase (IN) and long terminal repeats are required for insertion of viral DNA into the host genome. To characterize quantitatively the determinants of substrate specificity, we used a method based on a stepwise increase in ligand complexity. This allowed an estimation of the relative contributions of each(More)
DNA polymerase gamma from purified nuclei of EMT-6 cells (mice) seems to be identical to the mitochondrial DNA polymerase from the same source following several criteria. These two enzyme activities are strongly inhibited by ethidium bromide and acriflavin, while proflavin, acridine orange, daunomycin and chloroquine inhibition is less pronounced. In the(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase (IN) catalyzes the insertion of the viral genome into the host cell DNA, an essential reaction during the retroviral cycle. We described previously that expression of HIV-1 IN in some yeast strains may lead to the emergence of a lethal phenotype which was not observed when the catalytically crucial(More)