Laura T. Starks

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I quantitatively measure the interactions between the media and the stock market using daily content from a popular Wall Street Journal column. I find that high media pessimism predicts downward pressure on market prices followed by a reversion to fundamentals, and unusually high or low pessimism predicts high market trading volume. These and similar(More)
We examine whether a simple quantitative measure of language can be used to predict individual firms’ accounting earnings and stock returns. Our three main findings are: 1) the fraction of negative words in firm-specific news stories forecasts low firm earnings; 2) firms’ stock prices briefly underreact to the information embedded in negative words; and 3)(More)
We report evidence on chief executive officer ~CEO! turnover during the 1971 to 1994 period. We find that the nature of CEO turnover activity has changed over time. The frequencies of forced CEO turnover and outside succession both increased. However, the relation between the likelihood of forced CEO turnover and firm performance did not change(More)
Due to institutional investors' increasing ownership and interest in corporate governance, we hypothesize that the presence of institutional investors is associated with certain executive compensation structures. We find a significantly negative relation between the level of compensation and the concentration of institutional ownership, suggesting that(More)
We document strong positive correlation between changes in institutional ownership and returns measured over the same period. The result suggests that either institutional investors positive feedback trade more than individual investors or institutional herding impacts prices more than herding by individual investors. We find evidence that both factors play(More)
We present a simple rational model to highlight the effect of investors’ participation costs on the response of mutual fund flows to past fund performance. By incorporating participation costs into a model in which investors learn about managers’ ability from past returns, we show that mutual funds with lower participation costs have a higher flow(More)
Shareholder activists and regulators are pressuring U.S. firms to separate the titles of CEO and Chairman of the Board. They argue that separating the titles will reduce agency costs in corporations and improve performance. The existing empirical evidence appears to support this view. We argue that this separation has potential costs, as well as potential(More)
In 1992-1993, the SEC required enhanced disclosure on executive compensation and Congress enacted tax legislation, i.e. Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m), limiting the deductibility of non-performance related compensation over one million dollars. We examine the effects of these regulatory changes and report small and large sample evidence that many(More)
This paper documents the features of compensation peer groups and demonstrates that they play a significant role in understanding variation in CEO compensation. We hand-collect a sample of 83 (373) of the S&P 500 firms that provided explicit lists of compensation peer firms in their proxy statements in fiscal year 2005 (2006). Results show that inclusion of(More)
We investigate whether institutional investors ‘‘vote with their feet’’ when dissatisfied with a firm’s management by examining changes in equity ownership around forced CEO turnover. We find that aggregate institutional ownership and the number of institutional investors decline in the year prior to forced CEO turnover. However, selling by institutions is(More)