Laura Simmons

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Hormonal control of metabolic rate can be important in regulating the imbalance between energy intake and expenditure that underlies the development of obesity. In mice fed a high-fat diet, human fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) increased metabolic rate [1.53 +/- 0.06 liters O(2)/h.kg(0.75) (vehicle) vs. 1.93 +/- 0.05 liters O(2)/h.kg(0.75) (FGF19); P <(More)
PURPOSE To study the toxicity and pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic profile of 17-allylamino, 17- demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) and to recommend a dose for phase II trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a phase I study examining a once-weekly dosing schedule of 17-AAG. Thirty patients with advanced malignancies were treated. RESULTS The highest dose(More)
A large-scale effort, termed the Secreted Protein Discovery Initiative (SPDI), was undertaken to identify novel secreted and transmembrane proteins. In the first of several approaches, a biological signal sequence trap in yeast cells was utilized to identify cDNA clones encoding putative secreted proteins. A second strategy utilized various algorithms that(More)
The Trk receptors and their neurotrophin ligands control development and maintenance of the nervous system. The crystal structures of the ligand binding domain of TrkA, TrkB, and TrkC were solved and refined to high resolution. The domains adopt an immunoglobulin-like fold, but crystallized in all three instances as dimers with the N-terminal strand of each(More)
Many research and clinical applications require large quantities of full-length antibodies with long circulating half-lives, and production of these complex multi-subunit proteins has in the past been restricted to eukaryotic hosts. In this report, we demonstrate that efficient secretion of heavy and light chains in a favorable ratio leads to the high-level(More)
A method for enhancing the secretion of heterologous proteins in Escherichia coli by optimizing, as opposed to simply maximizing, the translational level of a given protein is described. Random alteration of the translational initiation region (TIR) of the Heat-Stable Enterotoxin II (STII) signal sequence resulted in a library of vectors with varied(More)
PURPOSE To perform a Phase I study of SR-4554, a fluorinated 2-nitroimidazole noninvasive probe of tumor hypoxia detected by (19)F magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN SR-4554 administration, on days 1 and 8, was followed by plasma sampling for pharmacokinetic studies and by three MRS studies performed over 24 h on days 8 and 9.(More)
Alanine scanning mutagenesis of the charged amino acids of melanoma growth stimulating activity (MGSA) was used to identify specific residues that are involved in binding to the human erythrocyte Duffy antigen/chemokine receptor (DARC) and to the type B interleukin-8 receptor (IL-8RB) on neutrophils. Receptor binding and biological studies with the alanine(More)
Melanoma growth stimulating activity (MGSA) and IL-8 are related chemokines that are potent chemoattractants and activators of neutrophils both in vitro and in vivo. Increasing evidence suggests that these molecules play an important role in inflammation; thus, antagonists of their action could be useful therapeutically as antiinflammatory agents. We have(More)
Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) is widely used in the characterization and quality control of therapeutic proteins to detect aggregates. Aggregation is a carefully monitored quality attribute from the earliest stages of clinical development owing to the possibility of eliciting an immunogenic response in the patient. During early stage molecule(More)