Laura Sereni

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Albumin has been considered a "sacrificial plasma antioxidant" due to the high reactivity of the protein sulfhydryl groups with oxidants such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hypochlorous acid (HOCl). Based on its large quantity and high turnover. It is considered as one of the most important plasma antioxidants for protecting key cellular and regulatory(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have suggested that uremic toxins may adversely affect phagocytic leukocytes of chronic renal failure patients. Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is produced by phagocytic leukocytes and is a potent mediator of inflammation which is produced by leukocytes upon appropriate stimulation. METHODS We added uremic or normal(More)
Pyrogen permeability of the new highly permeable synthetic membrane polyethersulfone (DIAPES) was compared to polysulfone in vitro dialysis experiments with heparinized human donor blood in the blood compartment. After sterile dialysis for 5 min, dialysate was contaminated with a culture filtrate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa using high and moderate challenge(More)
OBJECTIVE There is a positive correlation between the amount of ultrafiltration and the improved survival rate of patients with ischemia or sepsis-induced acute renal failure. Continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH) removes vasoactive substances with a molecular weight of < 1000 daltons. This study evaluated the removal of platelet-activating factor,(More)
The uremic syndrome is attributed to the progressive retention of a large number of toxins, which under normal conditions are excreted by the healthy kidneys. Standard dialytic membranes do not purify middle-high molecular weight toxins. Haemodiafiltration with endogenous reinfusion coupled with a highly permeable membrane could break the limit of the(More)
HFR is a hemodiafiltration method with regeneration of the ultrafiltrate. It consists of a double chamber filter that separates convection from diffusion. The ultrafiltrate exits from the convective filter, passes through a sorbent cartridge where uremic toxins bind to the sorbent. The "purified" ultrafiltrate is then returned to the patient. This study(More)
Uremic patients undergoing hemodialysis often have increased oxidant stress and accumulation of uremic toxins. Hemodialysis, per se, often can exacerbate oxidant stress and may be inefficient at removing hydrophobic or protein bound toxins. We describe a new hemodialytic method that incorporates liposomes and antioxidants to remove hydrophobic/uremic toxins(More)
We analyse the leucocyte and endothelial cell response to polybromostyrene-polystyrene (PS/PBrS) and the poly-n-butylmethacrylate-polystyrene (PnBMA/PS) systems, both in flat form or nanostructured surfaces consisting of nanohills with increasing hill height (13-95nm). Experiments were carried out first with blood leucocytes alone, endothelial cells (of(More)
Blood tubings commonly represent an integral component of hemodialysis circuits. Different factors may influence their biocompatibility, such as the type of material, the sterilization mode and the geometry. In vivo the final biocompatibility may be further complicated by the individual host response, the flow parameters, and the impact of mechanical trauma(More)
Adsorption may notably contribute to the removal of uremic toxins and to the efficiency of hemodialysis. We examined different uncoated stationary matrixes, charcoals and synthetic resins to establish their adsorptive capacities in relation to low (urea, creatinine) and high molecular weight (beta2-microglobulin, myoglobin) compounds in in vitro conditions(More)