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Clock drawing has recently been shown to lie useful in differentiating Alzieimer's disease patients from normal controls. Our procedure for clock drawing differed from other published reports in that a copy condition was employed and patients were asked to set clock hands to read "ten after eleven". We found both clock drawing procedures to be correlated(More)
OBJECTIVE: Many patients with dementia who live at home would require nursing home care if they did not have the assistance of family caregivers. However, caregiving sometimes has adverse health consequences for caregivers, including very high rates of depression. The goal of this study was to determine the patient and caregiver characteristics associated(More)
In a previous article we described a 10-point scoring system (i.e., scale 1) to grade clock drawings to command and copy with hands set for "ten after 11" among demented patients. Alzheimer's subjects (AD) improved from the command to copy conditions, whereas subjects with ischaemic vascular dementia (IVD) did not. To investigate the underlying cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND Many older adults lose functional ability during the course of acute illness and fail to recover function. We sought to determine whether performance on a cognitive screen at the time of hospital admission predicted the magnitude of functional recovery after hospitalization. METHODS We studied 2557 patients from two teaching hospitals to(More)
BACKGROUND An accurate, sensitive, but brief quality-of-life outcomes measure is needed for studies of dermatologic care. OBJECTIVE To construct a single-page version of Skindex (a dermatologic quality-of-life instrument) that would have two new features compared with the current 29-item version: (1) fewer items to which a majority of patients choose the(More)
BACKGROUND A large number of skin diseases, including atopic dermatitis and psoriasis, appear to be precipitated or exacerbated by psychological stress. Nevertheless, the specific pathogenic role of psychological stress remains unknown. In 3 different murine models of psychological stress, it was recently shown that psychological stress negatively impacts(More)
Postoperative delirium is common in geriatric patients. Few studies have examined events in the postoperative period that may contribute to the occurrence of postoperative delirium. We hypothesized that postoperative delirium is related to postoperative pain and/or pain management strategy. Patients aged > or =65 years who were scheduled for major(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the cognitive effects of acute challenges with the antispasmodic agent oxybutynin hydrochloride in normal older volunteers and to compare these effects with those attributable to diphenhydramine, another commonly used medication with anticholinergic (muscarinic-blocking) activity. DESIGN A double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship in mature women between muscle strength and whole body oxidative capacity and the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL). Sixty-one women (mean age 69 years) without major disease or disability were recruited from either a community exercise center or a personal care facility.(More)