Laura Salvini

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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a major incretin, mainly produced by the intestinal L cells, with beneficial actions on pancreatic beta cells. However, while in vivo only very small amounts of GLP-1 reach the pancreas in bioactive form, some observations indicate that GLP-1 may also be produced in the islets. We performed comprehensive(More)
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) have been estimated to occur in approximately 20% of patients with Brachmann-de Lange syndrome (BDLS, also known as Cornelia de Lange syndrome, OMIM 122470). We report on the results of a prospective echocardiographic evaluation of a cohort of 87 Italian BDLS patients with longitudinal follow-up from 5 to 12 years. A cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Chest pain is a frequent symptom leading patients to the Emergency Room. Copeptin, the C-terminal fragment of arginin-vasopressin, is a marker of stressful situations. Recent studies showed that normal levels of copeptin combined with normal troponin accurately rule out the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In this observational,(More)
Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is the enzyme responsible for cholesterol esterification in plasma. Mutations in the LCAT gene leads to two rare disorders, familial LCAT deficiency and fish-eye disease, both characterized by severe hypoalphalipoproteinemia associated with several lipoprotein abnormalities. No specific treatment is presently(More)
Seeds of Raphanus sativus L. subjected to accelerated ageing were investigated for reactive oxygen species (ROS) release and for content of vitamin E (tocopherol, TOC, and tocotrienol, TOC-3), fatty acids and phytosterols in seed coats, cotyledons and embryonic axes during germination. In unaged seeds, ROS release occurred mainly in seed coats of(More)
The synthesis of 3-(5-imidazo]2,1-blthiazolylmethylene)-2-indolinones, analogs of compounds recently published, is described. The EIZ isomerism was studied by means of nuclear Overhauser effect experiments and X-ray crystallography. All the compounds were tested as potential antitumor agents. They were also tested as potential inhibitors of cyclin-dependent(More)
Ethanolic extracts of Salvia officinalis leaves demonstrated antibacterial activity against Bacillus cereus. Fractionation of the extracts led to the isolation of the most active antibacterial compound, which, from spectroscopic and LC-MS evidence, was proved to be the diterpene, methyl carnosate.
There is considerable interest in alternative/adjuvant approaches for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori using biologically active compounds, especially antioxidants from plants. In the present work, we tested the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of hydro-alcoholic extracts from Colorino, Sangiovese and Cabernet Sauvignon grape cultivars against(More)