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A novel method for amplitude of radiofrequency field (B1+) mapping based on the Bloch-Siegert shift is presented. Unlike conventionally applied double-angle or other signal magnitude-based methods, it encodes the B(1) information into signal phase, resulting in important advantages in terms of acquisition speed, accuracy, and robustness. The Bloch-Siegert(More)
Time-dependent variations in the brain temperature (Tt) are likely to be caused by fluctuations of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rate of oxidative consumption (CMRO2) both of which are seemingly coupled to alterations in neuronal activity. We combined magnetic resonance, optical imaging, temperature sensing, and electrophysiologic methods(More)
In vivo multivoxel Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) and multislice Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging (MRSI) are extremely susceptible to poor homogeneity of the static magnetic field. Existing room-temperature (RT) shim technology can adequately optimize the B(0) homogeneity of local volumes, such as single voxels. However, the widespread global(More)
UNLABELLED Ultrashort-echo-time (UTE) sequences have been proposed in the past for MR-based attenuation correction of PET data, because of their ability to image cortical bone. In the present work we assessed the limitations of dual-echo UTE imaging for bone segmentation in head and neck imaging. Sequentially acquired MR and PET/CT clinical data were used(More)
The capability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to produce spatially resolved estimation of tissue electrical properties (EPs) in vivo has been a subject of much recent interest. In this work we introduce a method to map tissue EPs from low-flip-angle, zero-echo-time (ZTE) imaging. It is based on a new theoretical formalism that allows calculation of EPs(More)
PURPOSE To investigate proton density (PD)-weighted zero TE (ZT) imaging for morphological depiction and segmentation of cranial bone structures. METHODS A rotating ultra-fast imaging sequence (RUFIS) type ZT pulse sequence was developed and optimized for 1) efficient capture of short T2 bone signals and 2) flat PD response for soft-tissues. An inverse(More)
Current spokes pulse design methods can be grouped into methods based either on sparse approximation or on iterative local (gradient descent-based) optimization of the transverse-plane spatial frequency locations visited by the spokes. These two classes of methods have complementary strengths and weaknesses: sparse approximation-based methods perform an(More)
Because of their excellent slice profiles and high immunity to RF inhomogeneity, adiabatic full passage (AFP) pulses are ideal for use in spatial localization. The nonlinear, position-dependent phase of a single AFP pulse generated during refocusing of transverse magnetization traditionally is eliminated by using identical pairs of AFP pulses, at the(More)
In a recent work, we presented a novel method for B 1+ field mapping based on the Bloch-Siegert shift. Here, we apply this method to automated fast radiofrequency transmit gain calibration. Two off-resonance radiofrequency pulses were added to a slice-selective spin echo sequence. The off-resonance pulses induce a Bloch-Siegert phase shift in the acquired(More)
PURPOSE To develop and evaluate a novel MR method that addresses some of the most eminent technical challenges of current BOLD-based fMRI in terms of 1) acoustic noise and 2) geometric distortions and signal dropouts. METHODS A BOLD-sensitive fMRI pulse sequence was designed that first generates T2-weighted magnetization (using a T2 preparation module)(More)
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