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In this paper we present the analysis of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) in five species of the order Pleuronectiformes (Scophthalmus maximus, Scophthalmus rhombus, Platichthys flesus, Solea solea and Solea lascaris), a group of fish poorly studied cytogenetically. In spite of the small chromosome sizes, which characterize the karyotypes of this group,(More)
A consensus microsatellite-based linkage map of the turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) was constructed from two unrelated families. The mapping panel was derived from a gynogenetic family of 96 haploid embryos and a biparental diploid family of 85 full-sib progeny with known linkage phase. A total of 242 microsatellites were mapped in 26 linkage groups, six(More)
We have analyzed the localization of the highly conserved telomeric sequence (TTAGGG)n in four salmonid species, two of the genus Salmo (Salmo trutta and Salmo salar) and two of the genus Oncorhynchus (Onchorhynchus mykiss and Onchorhynchus kisutch), by fluorescent in situ hybridization. As expected, the hybridization signal was mostly localized at the(More)
Nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) of brown trout were investigated using C-, Ag-, and restriction endonuclease banding. The presence of constitutive heterochromatin was confirmed by C-banding. Giemsa-staining, C-banding, and Ag-banding revealed great variability in the size of the short arm of the NOR-bearing chromosome. This size variation was due in some(More)
A repetitive element was isolated from the genome of Atlantic salmon. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed the existence of variant monomers that range in length from approximately 200 to 230 bp. Repeat monomers contain regions of cryptic simplicity, internal repetition, and long direct repeats with deletions and insertions between individual units. The(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS CD3(-) non-T lymphocytes constitute the second most abundant lymphoid subset in the human small-bowel epithelium, and these CD3(-) intraepithelial lymphocytes are virtually absent in active celiac disease. Phenotypically, they resemble natural killer cells and have been termed natural killer-like intraepithelial lymphocytes. Because of the(More)
The aromatic diamidine berenil specifically inhibits the condensation of a subset of constitutive heterochromatin in human lymphocyte cultures. In the normal male chromosome complement, only the quinacrine-brilliant Y heterochromatin exhibits distinct undercondensation. The optimal culture conditions for inhibiting heterochromatin condensation are achieved(More)
Major rDNA loci, i.e. nucleolus-organizing regions (NORs), were assigned using chromomycin-A3 (CMA3) staining followed by sequential silver (Ag) staining and in situ hybridization (ISH) with a rDNA probe to the chromosomes of the European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus), the peled (Coregonus peled) and the vendace (Coregonus albula), three closely related(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a central role in the regulation of multiple biological processes including the maintenance of stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency. Recently, the miRNA cluster miR302-367 was shown to be differentially expressed in embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Unfortunately, very little is known about the genomic structure of miRNA-encoding genes(More)
Repetitive mild or "concussive" traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause substantial neurologic impairment, but the pathological features of this type of injury are not fully understood. We report an experimental model of TBI in which the closed skulls of anesthetized male C57BL/6J mice are struck with an electromagnetically controlled rubber impactor twice(More)