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Using a genomics-based reverse pharmacological approach for screening orphan G-protein coupled receptors, we have identified and cloned a novel high-affinity histamine receptor. This receptor, termed AXOR35, is most closely related to the H3 histamine receptor, sharing 37% protein sequence identity. A multiple responsive element/cyclic AMP-responsive(More)
Neuromedins are a family of peptides best known for their contractile activity on smooth muscle preparations. The biological mechanism of action of neuromedin U remains unknown, despite the fact that the peptide was first isolated in 1985. Here we show that neuromedin U potently activates the orphan G protein-coupled receptor FM3, with subnanomolar potency,(More)
A novel set of azabicyclic aryl amides have been identified as potent and selective agonists of the alpha7 nAChR. A two-pronged approach was taken to improve the potential hERG liability of previously disclosed alpha7 nAChR agonist, PNU-282,987, while maintaining the compound's other desirable pharmacological properties. The first approach involved further(More)
Opiate tolerance and dependence are major clinical and social problems. The anti-opiate neuropeptides FF and AF (NPFF and NPAF) have been implicated in pain modulation as well as in opioid tolerance and may play a critical role in this process, although their mechanism of action has remained unknown. Here we describe a cDNA encoding a novel neuropeptide(More)
Rapid expression of ICER (inducible cyclic AMP early repressor), an inducible member of the CREM (cyclic AMP response element modulator) family of transcription factors, has been reported in neuroendocrine tissues and cell lines, but not in brain. In the present study, we demonstrate that acute electro-convulsive seizure (ECS) increases the expression of(More)
ICER (inducible cyclic AMP early repressor), a member of the cyclic AMP response element (CRE) modulator (CREM) family of transcription factors, is a powerful repressor of cyclic AMP-mediated transactivation. Our studies characterize the regulation of ICER in C6 glioma cells and investigate its role in repressing transcription of the beta1-adrenergic(More)
The underlying causes of obesity are poorly understood but probably involve complex interactions between many neurotransmitter and neuropeptide systems involved in the regulation of food intake and energy balance. Three pieces of evidence indicate that the neuropeptide melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is an important component of this system. First, MCH(More)
Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is an integral membrane enzyme that degrades the fatty acid amide family of signaling lipids, including the endocannabinoid anandamide. Genetic or pharmacological inactivation of FAAH leads to analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, and antidepressant phenotypes in rodents without showing the undesirable side effects(More)
A novel alpha7 nAChR agonist, N-[(3R,5R)-1-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]furo[2,3-c]pyridine-5-carboxamide (3a, PHA-709829), has been identified for the potential treatment of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. The compound shows potent and selective alpha7 in vitro activity, excellent brain penetration, good rat oral bioavailability and robust in vivo(More)
Incubation of rat C6 glioma cells with beta-adrenergic receptor (beta AR) agonist or with agents that increase cAMP levels results in down-regulation of the beta 2AR, as measured by the loss of radioligand binding sites. In the present study, the role of beta 2AR mRNA expression and stability in the down-regulation of beta 2AR sites in C6 cells was(More)