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Whilst the potential impact on beach users from microorganisms in water has received considerable attention, there has been relatively little investigation into microbial contaminants in sand. Thirty three beaches across Portugal were analyzed during a five year period (2006-2010) to determine the presence of yeasts, pathogenic fungi, dermatophytes, total(More)
Among the Candida species causing bloodstream infections, Candida parapsilosis is one of the most frequently isolated. The objective of the present work was the identification of new microsatellite loci able to distinguish among C. parapsilosis isolates. DNA sequences with trinucleotide repeats were selected from the C. parapsilosis genome database. PCR(More)
This study presents data on the incidence of candidemia in a Portuguese oncology hospital during a 6-year period. The species distribution and their antifungal susceptibility, as well as the clinical outcomes associated with candidemia were evaluated. A total of 119 episodes were reported, with the majority occurring among patients older than 56 years. The(More)
Candida parapsilosis is frequently isolated from hospital environments, like air and surfaces, and causes serious nosocomial infections. Molecular studies provided evidence of great genetic diversity within the C. parapsilosis species complex but, despite their growing importance as pathogens, little is known about their potential to cause disease,(More)
PCR fingerprinting with single non-specific primers was used to type vaginal isolates of C. albicans from Portugal, Angola, Madagascar, and two regions of Germany (Berlin and Munich). In addition to analysing isolates that exhibited the normal biotype of C. albicans, the study included atypical strains that failed to assimilate glucosamine and(More)
Candida parapsilosis emerged as an important opportunistic pathogen, causing candidaemia worldwide. Nosocomial outbreaks triggered by this species have been frequently described, particularly in cancer patients. For a better understanding of its epidemiology, several typing methods are used and microsatellite analysis has been reported as highly(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare two identification methods, i.e., restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-PCR analysis and enzymatic method Rapid TM Yeast Plus System to identify different species causing vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Vaginal discharges of women who had attended the gynecology outpatient clinic of Mobini Hospital in(More)
Chromoblastomycosis is a rare, hard to diagnose disease that arises mostly in the tropics, especially in humid areas, affecting mainly males and rural workers. It is characterized by verrucous plaques or nodules that are slow growing and attributed to infection by different pigmented (dematiaceous) fungi. Usually the infection develops after injury, being(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic patients are particularly susceptible to fungal infections due to modifications that occur in their immunological system. These modifications compromise natural defences, such as skin and nails, especially from lower limbs. AIMS Assessing the presence of dermatomycosis in lower limbs of Portuguese diabetic patients followed on Podiatry(More)
A case of probable hypersensitivity reaction with multi-organic failure, following bladder installation of BCG, in a male with a diagnosis of bladder carcinoma is presented. The patient developed respiratory, renal and liver failure as well as leukocytosis, thrombopenia and an increase in muscular enzymes. It was resolved with hemodynamic support. The rare(More)