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Prediction of assisted reproduction treatment outcome has been the focus of clinical research for many years, with a variety of prognostic models describing the probability of an ongoing pregnancy or a live birth. This study assessed whether serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations may be incorporated into a model to enhance the prediction of a(More)
BACKGROUND Some studies have reported differentially altered neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in several malignancies. We evaluated NGAL measured in plasma or urine as both prognostic and diagnostic marker for different types of human tumors. METHODS We performed systematic electronic searches in Medline, Embase and CRDTAS. Studies(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies proposed a relationship between environmental factors and semen quality, as well as the negative effect of air pollution on spermatogenesis and gonadal function. No specific studies evaluated the environmental influence on semen quality in a specific geographical area. AIM to evaluate the environmental influence on male sperm(More)
The ISO 9000 series has been adopted as a reference standard and operating system for a Quality Assurance project involving all the units of the Polyclinic of Modena, within which the Headache Centre operates, to guarantee a clearly-defined standard of service to the client and the promotion of continuous quality improvement. The implementation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnostic studies usually provide important information about the analytical and diagnostic performances. We investigated the clinical utility of (-2)proPSA in identifying patients with prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS We performed electronic searches in five databases as well as a list of reference literature. Studies were included if they(More)
Rats fed calcium-deprived diet develop osteoporosis due to enhanced bone resorption, secondary to parathyroid overactivity resulting from nutritional hypocalcemia. Therefore, rats provide a good experimental animal model for studying bone modelling alterations during biochemical osteoporosis. Three-month-old Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into 4(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by the progressive destruction of bone tissue due to the uncontrolled proliferation of the immunoglobulins. The detection of bone turnover markers (BTMs) may represent a non-invasive method to assess the bone involvement and to predict the risk of bone morbidity. This systematic review evaluates clinical(More)
To investigate whether long-term, chronic treatment with the phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor vardenafil affects adrenal and testicular steroidogenesis in diabetic men, using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. A longitudinal, prospective, investigator-started, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, clinical-trial was carried out, enrolling(More)
OBJECTIVE Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with endothelial dysfunction, characterized by a reduction of nitric oxide (NO)-mediated relaxation. Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) improve NO levels. The aim of the study was to investigate whether long-term, chronic treatment with the PDE5i vardenafil improves systemic endothelial(More)