Laura Robin Benedetti

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To help determine the chemical composition of the Earth’s mantle, we characterised the high-pressure mineral assemblage of an undepleted natural peridotite—thought to be representative of the Earth’s upper-mantle—to 107 GPa using high-resolution X-ray diffraction. At lower-mantle conditions, the peridotite transforms to the assemblage 76 (F 2)%(More)
[1] When subjected to lower-mantle pressures and temperatures, natural ‘‘anhydrous’’ basalt containing 0.2 wt.% H2O forms a phase assemblage in which SiO2 stishovite is a significant carrier of hydrogen (up to 500 ppm H2O by weight, as hydroxide), whereas the coexisting (Mg, Fe, Al, Ca)SiO3 perovskite appears to be not (upper bound of 50 ppm (wt) H2O).(More)
Experiments using laser-heated diamond anvil cells show that methane (CH4) breaks down to form diamond at pressures between 10 and 50 gigapascals and temperatures of about 2000 to 3000 kelvin. Infrared absorption and Raman spectroscopy, along with x-ray diffraction, indicate the presence of polymeric hydrocarbons in addition to the diamond, which is in(More)
Electronic conduction in shock-compressed water P. M. Celliers, G. W. Collins, D. G. Hicks, M. Koenig, E. Henry, A. Benuzzi-Mounaix, D. Batani, D. K. Bradley, L. B. Da Silva, R. J. Wallace, S. J. Moon, J. H. Eggert, K. K. M. Lee, L. R. Benedetti, R. Jeanloz, I. Masclet, N. Dague, B. Marchet, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, Ch. Reverdin, J. Pasley, O. Willi, D. Neely,(More)
Laser-driven shock compression of samples precompressed to 1 GPa produces high-pressure-temperature conditions inducing two significant changes in the optical properties of water: the onset of opacity followed by enhanced reflectivity in the initially transparent water. The onset of reflectivity at infrared wavelengths can be interpreted as a(More)
Indirect drive experiments at the National Ignition Facility are designed to achieve fusion by imploding a fuel capsule with x rays from a laser-driven hohlraum. Previous experiments have been unable to determine whether a deficit in measured ablator implosion velocity relative to simulations is due to inadequate models of the hohlraum or ablator physics.(More)
Recent experiments on the National Ignition Facility [M. J. Edwards et al., Phys. Plasmas 20, 070501 (2013)] demonstrate that utilizing a near-vacuum hohlraum (low pressure gas-filled) is a viable option for high convergence cryogenic deuterium-tritium (DT) layered capsule implosions. This is made possible by using a dense ablator (high-density carbon),(More)
[1] We present an isothermal equation of state for the high-pressure stishovite phase of SiO2 based on synchrotron X-ray diffraction at 300 K to 60 GPa. The inferred equation of state is the same for stishovite synthesized from pure SiO2 glass as from a natural, basalt glass that forms stishovite in association with other mineral phases, yielding a(More)
We present evidence that electromagnetic crosstalk between independent strips in gated x-ray framing cameras can affect relative gains by up to an order of magnitude and gate arrival times up to tens of picoseconds when strip separation times are less then ∼1 ns. Crosstalk is observed by multiple methods, and it is confirmed by direct measurements of(More)