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Prolactin (PRL) secretion in the periparturitional period in patients undergoing labor and vaginal delivery follows a remarkable multiphasic pattern not found in patients who underwent elective cesarean section without labor. There is a highly significant decline in PRL levels during active labor which reaches a nadir about two hours prior to delivery.(More)
Few neoplastic diseases can equal the amazing complexity and sheer perversity of carcinoma of the breast. No doubt as many decades of research lie ahead in its study as already have passed. Clinicians have long appreciated the special relationship of the disease to gestation. Diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy represent only a small(More)
The incidence of hypoglycemia in insulin-dependent diabetic patients managed by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) has been reported to be very low. We report a case of hypoglycemia coma occurring in a highly compliant and intelligent patient while on CSII by a portable pump. Factors contributing to this episode included high risk off(More)
The effect of pregnancy on the circadian rhythm and diurnal excursion of plasma cortisol and urinary free corticoids was examined in a sequential study during the second and third trimester and 6 to 12 weeks post partum. Hourly blood samples from six subjects and 8-hour urine collections from eight subjects were obtained around the clock. While the(More)
Class H diabetes is defined as the presence of diabetes of any duration associated with ischemic myocardial disease. Because of a lack of experience with the coexistence of myocardial ischemic disease and diabetes during pregnancy, it is difficult to offer patients an accurate prognosis for mother and infant during such a gestation. Previous reports suggest(More)
Each year, 10,000 babies are born to diabetic women. Gestational diabetes occurs in 2% of all pregnant women, resulting in 60,000 to 90,000 cases of gestational diabetes yearly. Prior to 1922 and the discovery of insulin, fetal mortality for the pregnant diabetic was almost 100%. Today, total fetal mortality for the pregnant and gestational diabetic is(More)
Serum prolactin concentrations, determined serially at weekly intervals from the fifth week of gestation, increase in an approximately linear pattern. It is suggested that in human gestation the increase in prolactin secretion is related to supramaximal estrogen augmentation at all times and is a functional reflection of hypertrophy and hyperplasia of(More)
Absorption of micronized 17beta-estradiol (E2), after intravaginal administration of 1 mg dose, suspended in saline, is extremely rapid and sustained. A mean peak increment of circulating E2 concentrations of more than 110 times the basal level is achieved at 2 h and remains elevated more than 6 times the basal level even at 24 h. Increments in estrone (E1)(More)