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Glucosamine (CAS 3416-24-8) is an aminomonosaccharide naturally occurring in the human body. It was tested for antiinflammatory activities and it showed to protect against the edema provoked in the rat paw by carrageenin, dextran, formalin, but not against the edema provoked by specific inflammation mediators, such as bradykinin, serotonin, histamine.(More)
The antireactive activity of glucosamine sulfate (GS) (CAS 29031-19-4) was tested in the rat in experimental models of subacute inflammation (sponge granuloma and croton oil granuloma), on subacute mechanical arthritis (kaolin arthritis) and in immunological-reactive arthritis and generalized inflammation (adjuvant arthritis). On these models GS was found(More)
The pharmacological activity of CR 2039 (4-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-N-(4-[1H-tetrazol-5-yl]phenylbenzam ide)) a newly discovered antiallergic compound is described. CR 2039 administered i.m. or i.v. inhibited rat passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) with an ED50 of 0.1 mg/kg and a potency about 15 times higher than that of disodium cromoglycate (DSCG). CR 2039(More)
The effects of CR 2945, an antranilic acid derivative member of a novel family of non-peptide CCKB receptor antagonists, have been compared with those of CAM-1028, an analogue of the CCKB receptor antagonist CI-988, L-365,260 a benzodiazepine derivative CCKB antagonist, CR 1795, an analogue of the CCKA receptor antagonist lorglumide and diazepam, a(More)
Derivatives of 5-(dipentylamino)-5-oxo-pentanoic acid are a new class of non-peptide cholecystokinin (CCK) antagonists. The most potent compound, D,L-4-(3,4-dichlorobenzoylamino)-5-(dipentylamino)-5-oxo-pen tanoic acid (lorglumide, CR 1409), has a great affinity for the pancreatic CCK receptors and is a competitive, specific and potent CCK antagonist on the(More)
Loperamide was tested on electrically-evoked contractions using a series of "in vitro" isolated preparations, in comparison with morphine, met-enkephalin, beta-endorphin, ethylketocyclazocine used as representative agonists of mu, delta, epsilon, kappa receptors respectively. The IC50 of loperamide on myenteric plexus longitudinal muscle of guinea pig ileum(More)
The anticholecystokinin activities of loxiglumide, (D,L-4-(3,4-dichloro-benzoylamino)-5-(N-3-methoxypropyl-pentylamino++ +)-5-oxo- pentanoic acid, CR 1505) are described. Loxiglumide antagonizes in vivo the contractions of the gall bladder of guinea pig induced or mediated by cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8) (i.v. ED50 = 0.24 mumol/kg), the emptying of the gall(More)
Three glutaramic acid derivatives provided with a potent antagonistic activity on the contractions elicited by the carboxyl terminal octapeptide CCK-8 in the guinea pig gallbladder have been evaluated for their capacity to inhibit the binding of [125I]-(Bolton-Hunter)-CCK-8 to both central and peripheric cholecystokinin (CCK) receptors. The most active(More)
The effects of (S)-4-amino-5-[(4,4-dimethylcyclohexyl)amino]-5-oxo-pentanoic acid ((S)CR 2249), a new chemical entity selected among a series of glutamic acid derivatives, were investigated on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-evoked release of [3H]noradrenaline from rat hippocampal slices. (S)CR 2249 facilitated glycine-mediated reversion of kynurenate(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is a hormonal regulator of the motility of the gallbladder. CCK-8, i.e. the biologically active C-terminal octapeptide of the hormone, elicits contraction and emptying of the gallbladder. Endogenous CCK released by egg yolk or fatty acids in the duodenum gives the same results. CR 1409 (lorglumide), a glutaramic acid derivative with(More)