Learn More
Sirtuins (SIRTs 1-7), or class III histone deacetylases (HDACs), are protein deacetylases/ADP ribosyltransferases that target a wide range of cellular proteins in the nucleus, cytoplasm, and mitochondria for post-translational modification by acetylation (SIRT1, -2, -3 and -5) or ADP ribosylation (SIRT4 and -6). The orthologs of sirtuins in lower organisms(More)
SIRT1 is increasingly recognized as a critical regulator of stress responses, replicative senescence, inflammation, metabolism, and aging. SIRT1 expression is regulated transcriptionally and post-transcriptionally, and its enzymatic activity is controlled by NAD+ levels and interacting proteins. We found that SIRT1 protein levels were much higher in mouse(More)
The dsRNA binding proteins (DRBPs) comprise a growing family of eukaryotic, prokaryotic, and viral-encoded products that share a common evolutionarily conserved motif specifically facilitating interaction with dsRNA. Proteins harboring dsRNA binding domains (DRBDs) have been reported to interact with as little as 11 bp of dsRNA, an event that is independent(More)
In addition to repressing ERBB2 promoter function, histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors induce the accelerated decay of mature ERBB2 transcripts; the mechanism mediating this transcript destabilization is unknown but depends on the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of ERBB2 mRNA. Using ERBB2-overexpressing human breast cancer cells (SKBR3), the mRNA stability(More)
The RNA helicases p68 and p72 are highly related members of the DEAD box family of proteins, sharing 90% identity across the conserved core, and have been shown to be involved in both transcription and mRNA processing. We previously showed that these proteins co-localise in the nucleus of interphase cells. In this study we show that p68 and p72 can interact(More)
We report here the isolation and characterization of two proteins, NFAR-1 and -2, which were isolated through their ability to interact with the dsRNA-dependent protein kinase, PKR. The NFAR proteins, of 90 and 110 kDa, are derived from a single gene through alternative splicing and are evolutionarily conserved nuclear phosphoproteins that interact with(More)
Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDAC) show significant promise as targeted anticancer agents against a variety of hematologic and solid tumors. HDAC inhibitors arrest the growth of primary cells, but they induce apoptosis or differentiation of tumor cells. Although the precise mechanism is unknown, differences in cell cycle checkpoints and chromatin(More)
We synthesized biarylalanine-containing hydroxamic acids and tested them on immunoprecipitated HDAC1 and HDAC6 and show a subtype selectivity for HDAC6 that was confirmed in cells by Western blot (tubulin vs histones). We obtained an X-ray structure with a HDAC6-selective inhibitor with the bacterial deacetylase HDAH. Docking studies were carried out using(More)
We synthesized hydroxamic acids with a pyridylalanine substructure and identified them as selective inhibitors of human recombinant HDAC6. The in vitro selectivity was up to 25-fold for HDAC6 over HDAC1 and was confirmed by Western blotting to assess tubulin versus histone acetylation in cancer cells. Docking studies with an HDAC6 homology model suggested(More)