Laura R Comini

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Achyrocline satureioides is widely consumed as infusion or aperitif and shows important therapeutic properties. Previously, we reported absence of genotoxicity of cold aqueous extract (CAE) of A. satureioides by Allium test. However, one test cannot predict the genotoxic effects of a substance. Thus, the aim of this work was to investigate cytotoxicity,(More)
Photosensitizing anthraquinones isolated from Heterophyllaea pustulata Hook f. (Rubiaceae), namely soranjidiol, rubiadin, damnacanthal and 5,5'-bisoranjidiol, showed antibacterial activity (bacteriostatic/bactericide) on Staphylococcus aureus. The mechanism of action seems to involve an increase in the levels of superoxide anion (O(2)(·-)) and/or singlet(More)
Searching for agents that could be effective in the treatment of cancer, special highlight has focused on the study of numerous plant-derived compounds. We previously demonstrated that anthraquinones (AQs) isolated from a vegetal species: Heterophyllaea pustulata Hook f. (Rubiaceae), such as rubiadin, rubiadin-1-methyl ether, soranjidiol,(More)
Over the past decade the science has studied synthetic photosensitizers used in photodynamic therapy (PDT) or photochemotherapy as anticancer candidates. In this context, compounds extracted from vegetable species present interesting potential in the cancer field. In our laboratory, we studied Heterophyllaea pustulata a phototoxic shrub that habit the(More)
The photophysical, photoinduced pro-oxidant and antibacterial properties in vitro of the natural occurring parietin (PTN; 1,8-dihydroxy-3-methoxy-6-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone) were evaluated. PTN was extracted from the lichen identified as Teloschistes flavicans (Sw.) Norm. (Telochistaceae). Results indicate that in chloroform solution, PTN presents(More)
The photoprocesses involved in the photo-induced Candida tropicalis biofilm reduction by two natural anthraquinones (AQs), rubiadin (1) and rubiadin-1-methyl ether (2), were examined. Production of singlet oxygen (1O2) and of superoxide radical anion (O2•-) was studied. Although it was not possible to detect the triplet state absorption of any AQs in(More)
Heterophyllaea pustulata (Rubiaceae), a South American genus, is a phototoxic shrub that grows in the Andean mountain range of the northwest of Argentina, popularly known as "cegadera". Animals that ingest the aerial parts of this plant suffer a typical primary photosensitization reaction, clinically revealed by dermatitis and blindness in severe cases.(More)
In this work we extend the toxicological studies of hot aqueous extract of A. satureioides (As-HAE) evaluating cytotoxic and apoptotic effects on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). We also determine genotoxic action of this extract in vivo. In addition, the extract was chemically characterized. Finally, we established a comparison with(More)
Heterophyllaea pustulata Hook. f. (Rubiaceae) is a phototoxic plant. It grows in the Andean area of northwest of Argentina, and it causes significant economic losses in the livestock. This plant induces dermal lesions by photosensitization probably due to its content of photosensitizing anthraquinones. This paper describes an outbreak of poisoning in(More)
The antiviral activity was tested of different polarity extracts, with differing chemical composition, obtained from aerial parts of Heterophyllaea pustulata Hook f. (Rubiaceae) against Herpes Simplex Virus Type I (HSV-1) and Saint Louis Encephalitis Virus (SLEV). The Vero cell line was employed as a host cell for the antiviral assessment of benzene (Ben),(More)