Learn More
BACKGROUND Descending inhibitory pain control contributes to the endogenous defense against chronic pain and involves noradrenergic and serotonergic systems. The clinical efficacy of antidepressants suggests that serotonin may be particularly relevant for neuropathic pain conditions. Serotonergic signaling is regulated by synthesis, metabolisms, reuptake(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of prolonged administration of the selective COX-2 inhibitors celecoxib and rofecoxib and the non-selective NSAID naproxen on the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. ApoE−/− mice, as well as corresponding wild-type mice, were fed either a normal chow or a high fat Western diet with or without addition of(More)
Peripheral noxious stimulation leads to phosphorylation and thereby activation of the transcription factor CREB in the spinal cord. CREB phosphorylation occurs mainly at serine 133, but the phosphorylation site at serine 142 may also be important. We investigated the impact of spinal CREB protein levels and phosphorylation at Ser142 on the nociceptive(More)
Inhibitor kappaB kinase (IKK) regulates the activity of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B that normally protects neurons against excitotoxicity. Constitutively active IKK is enriched at axon initial segments and nodes of Ranvier (NR). We used mice with a Cre-loxP-mediated specific deletion of IKKbeta in sensory neurons of the dorsal root(More)
FTY720 is a novel immunosuppressive drug that inhibits the egress of lymphocytes from secondary lymphoid tissues and thymus. In its phosphorylated form FTY720 is a potent S1P receptor agonist. Recently it was also shown that FTY720 can reduce prostaglandin synthesis through the direct inhibition of the cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2). Since(More)
Antagonist at specific prostaglandin receptors might provide analgesia with a more favourable toxicity profile compared with cyclooxygenase inhibitors. We analyzed nociceptive responses in prostaglandin D, E, F, prostacyclin and thromboxane receptor knockout mice and mice deficient of cyclooxygenase 1 or 2 to evaluate the contribution of individual(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-dependent prostaglandin (PG) E(2) synthesis in the spinal cord plays a major role in the development of inflammatory hyperalgesia and allodynia. Microsomal PGE(2) synthase-1 (mPGES-1) isomerizes COX-2-derived PGH(2) to PGE(2). Here, we evaluated the effect of mPGES-1-deficiency on the nociceptive behavior in various models of(More)
  • 1