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Bud scar analysis integrated with mathematical analysis of DNA and protein distributions obtained by flow microfluorometry have been used to analyze the cell cycle of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In populations of this yeast growing exponentially in batch at 30 degrees C on different carbon and nitrogen sources with duplication times between(More)
A novel 1,3-beta-glucanosyltransferase isolated from the cell wall of Aspergillus fumigatus was recently characterized. This enzyme splits internally a 1,3-beta-glucan molecule and transfers the newly generated reducing end to the non-reducing end of another 1, 3-beta-glucan molecule forming a 1,3-beta linkage, resulting in the elongation of 1,3-beta-glucan(More)
The GAS multigene family of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is constituted by five genes (GAS1-GAS5), but GAS1 was the only one to have been characterized to date. Gas1 is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein predominantly localized in the plasma membrane and is also a representative of family GH72 of glycosidase/transglycosidases, a wide group of yeast(More)
The existence of a compensatory mechanism in response to cell wall damage has been proposed in yeast cells. The increase of chitin accumulation is part of this response. In order to study the mechanism of the stress-related chitin synthesis, we tested chitin synthase I (CSI), CSII, and CSIII in vitro activities in the cell-wall-defective mutant gas1 delta.(More)
This paper reports a phenotypic characterization of ggp1 mutants. The cloned GGP1 (GAS1) gene, which encodes a major GPI-anchored glycoprotein (gp115) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae of unknown function, was used to direct the inactivation of the chromosomal gene in haploid and diploid strains by gene replacement. The analysis of the null mutants reveals a(More)
Chitin synthase III is essential for the increase in chitin level and for cell integrity in cells lacking Gas1p, a beta(1,3)-glucanosyltransferase. In order to discover whether the upregulation of chitin synthesis proceeds through the canonical transport and activation pathway of Chs3p or through an alternative one, here we studied the effects of the(More)
The GGP1/GAS1 gene codes for a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored plasma membrane glycoprotein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The ggp1delta mutant shows morphogenetic defects which suggest changes in the cell wall matrix. In this work, we have investigated cell wall glucan levels and the increase of chitin in ggp1delta mutant cells. In these cells, the(More)
The integrity of the cell wall depends on the synthesis and correct assembly of its individual components. Several environmental factors, such as temperature up-shift, treatments with mating factors or with specific cell wall-perturbing drugs, or genetic factors, such as inactivation of cell wall-related genes (for example FKS1 or GAS1) can impair(More)
Tunicamycin, an inhibitor of one of the earliest steps in the synthesis of N-linked oligosaccharides, prevents bud formation and growth in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells that are either growing exponentially or recovering from different cell cycle arrests at start. Analysis of tunicamycin-treated cells by flow microfluorometry clearly shows that cells have(More)
gp115 is a N- and O-glycosylated protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It is also modified by addition of glycosylphosphatidylinositol, which anchors the protein to the plasma membrane. The gene encoding gp115 (GGP1) has been cloned by a two-step procedure. By an immunoscreening of a yeast genomic DNA library in the expression vector lambda gt11, a(More)